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Unformatted text preview: Ch. 1-Introduction to First Aid Care 1 What Is First Aid? What
First aid the temporary and immediate care given to a person who is injured or who suddenly becomes ill The principal aims of first aid are to Recognize lifethreatening situations Supply artificial ventilation and circulation when needed Control bleeding Care for other lifethreatening conditions Minimize further injury and complications Prevent infection Make the victim as comfortable as possible Arrange for medical assistance and transportation General Procedures General
1. Observe the accident scene as you approach it. 2. Keep yourself and others at the scene safe. 3. Gain access to the victim(s) and determine any immediate threats to life. 4. Provide basic life support to those whose lives are threatened. 5. Summon more advanced medical help if needed. Safety at the Scene Safety Fire Unstable Structures Motor Vehicle Accidents Electrical Hazards Water Hostility and Violence Activating EMS Activating The exact location of the victim The phone number where you can be reached Any information about the victim that will help the dispatcher Aspects of First Aid Aspects First Aider Skills Legal Aspects of First Aid Controversies in First Aid Care Legal Aspects of First Aid Legal Duty to Act Good Samaritan Laws Laws that protect health care personnel and provide guidelines for care “ReasonableMan” Test Did the First Aider act the same way a normal, prudent person with similar training would have acted under the same circumstances? Negligence Acting with carelessness, inattention, disregard, inadvertence, or avoidable oversight Right to Refuse Care Actual consent Informed consent Implied consent Assumption that a victim of lifethreatening injury or illness would give consent Minor’s consent The right of consent given to a parent or guardian Infectious Disease Transmission Infectious
For disease to spread, three things must happen: 1. Infecting organisms, such as bacteria and viruses, must survive outside their host—an infected person, an animal, or an insect. 2. The infecting organism must then move from one place to another. 3. The infecting organism must then invade a new person’s body and begin to multiply there. 9 Identifying Infectious Diseases
A victim with any of the following should be considered infectious: A rash or skin lesion An open sore Diarrhea Vomiting Headache with stiff neck Yellowish skin or eyes
10 10 Coughing or sneezing Draining or oozing wounds Profuse sweating Abdominal pain Bloodborne Pathogens Bloodborne Hepatitis B Hepatitis C HIV Herpes Tuberculosis Meningitis ...
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This note was uploaded on 02/17/2011 for the course HK 280 taught by Professor Trembath during the Fall '07 term at Purdue University.
- Fall '07