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Unformatted text preview: Ch. 10 - Dressing and Bandaging Ch. Dressing 1 Vocabulary Dressing sterile covering for a wound. Sterile meaning that any microorganisms and spores on the dressing have been killed Aseptic meaning that it is free of bacteria 2 Vocabulary Occlusive – plastic wrap or other dressing that forms an airtight seal. Waterproof and airtight Compress – a thick, bulky, usually sterile dressing intended to stop or control bleeding Trauma – a 5by36 inch piece of thick, sterile, absorbent dressing that can be used to cover a larger area in cases of more serious or widespread injury Adhesive strips – a combination of a sterile dressing and a bandage, individually packaged and used for small wounds Adhesive tape – often used to hold the edges of wounds together, it comes in rolls of various widths. 3 Vocabulary Gauze pads Commercially manufactured, individually wrapped sterile pads made of gauze Special pads Large, thickly layered bulky pads used to control bleeding and stabilize impaled objects Bandage Material used to hold a dressing in place Roller bandage A formfitting bandage designed to be wrapped around a wound site Triangular bandage Triangleshaped piece of cloth used to apply splints and form slings Cravat A folded triangular bandage
4 Principles of Dressing and Bandaging The dressing is opened carefully and handled so it does not get contaminated. The dressing adequately covers the entire wound. Bandages are not placed directly against the wound. Wounds are bandaged snugly, but not too tightly. Bandages are not too loose; neither the dressing nor the bandage should shift or slip. There are no loose ends of cloth, gauze, or tape that could get caught. The bandage covers all edges of the dressing. Tips of the fingers and toes are left exposed when arms and legs are bandaged. A small bandage on an arm or leg is covered with a larger bandage to more evenly distribute the pressure and to avoid causing a pressure point. Start a bandage on an arm or leg at the end nearest the hand or foot, then work upward to prevent applying the bandage too tightly. The body part is bandaged in the position in which it is to remain. Ask the victim how the bandage feels. Never use a circular bandage around the neck.
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- Fall '07