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CH_15_student - Ch.15DrugandAlcohol Ch.15DrugandAlcohol...

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Ch. 15-Drug and Alcohol Ch. 15-Drug and Alcohol Emergencies Emergencies   1
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Drug Abusers Drug abusers are more prone to: AIDS Hepatitis Paranoia Depression Injuries from falls Homicide 2
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Drug Overdoses Drug overdoses may be accidental or intentional Not always possible in the field to determine what  drug was taken 3
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Alcohol Statistics Alcohol Statistics Alcohol is the most abused drug in the U.S. 100 million alcohol drinkers, 20% of whom are  alcoholic Factor in 40% of motor vehicle accidents Factor in 50% of arrests Alcoholics shorten their life span by 10-12 years 4
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Alcohol Alcohol is a central nervous system depressant In moderate doses causes stupor Large doses cause coma or death Alcohol is completely absorbed from the stomach  and intestinal tract with in 2 hours It becomes concentrated in the blood and brain 5
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Alcohol Emergencies Acute Intoxication Drowsiness Disordered speech and gait Violence Destructive or erratic behavior Binge Drinking Stupor Unresponsiveness Vomiting Withdrawal Syndrome Insomnia Muscular weakness Fever Seizures Disorientation, confusion, and thought-process Disorders Hallucinations Anorexia Nausea and vomiting Sweating Rapid heartbeat 6
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Short-term Risks  Short-term Risks  Very little alcohol is needed to begin to impair a person’s  judgment.  When a person’s judgment is impaired, a  person is more likely to do things that are embarrassing,  out of character, dangerous, or even life-threatening,   70% of college students admit to having engaged in  sexual activity or to having sex they wouldn’t have  normally had primarily as a result of being under the  influence of alcohol.  90% of all campus rapes occur when alcohol has been  used by either the victim or the assailant.  At least 1 out of 5 college students fail to practice safe  sex when they’re drunk even if they normally protect  themselves when sober.  55% of female students and 75% of male students  involved in acquaintance rape admit to having been  drinking or using drugs when the incident occurred.  Almost 1/3 or college students admit to having missed at  least one class because of alcohol or drug use, and  nearly 1/4 of students report failing a test or project  because of the aftereffects of drinking or doing drugs.  7
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CAGE Test Used to determine when alcohol consumption is  a problem.
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