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CH_15_student - Ch 15-Drug and Alcohol Ch 15-Drug and...

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Unformatted text preview: Ch. 15-Drug and Alcohol Ch. 15-Drug and Alcohol Emergencies Emergencies 1 Drug Abusers Drug abusers are more prone to: • AIDS • Hepatitis • Paranoia • Depression • Injuries from falls • Homicide 2 Drug Overdoses • Drug overdoses may be accidental or intentional • Not always possible in the field to determine what drug was taken 3 Alcohol Statistics Alcohol Statistics • Alcohol is the most abused drug in the U.S. • 100 million alcohol drinkers, 20% of whom are alcoholic • Factor in 40% of motor vehicle accidents • Factor in 50% of arrests • Alcoholics shorten their life span by 10-12 years 4 Alcohol • Alcohol is a central nervous system depressant • In moderate doses causes stupor • Large doses cause coma or death • Alcohol is completely absorbed from the stomach and intestinal tract with in 2 hours • It becomes concentrated in the blood and brain 5 Alcohol Emergencies • Acute Intoxication – Drowsiness – Disordered speech and gait – Violence – Destructive or erratic behavior • Binge Drinking – Stupor – Unresponsiveness – Vomiting • Withdrawal Syndrome – Insomnia – Muscular weakness – Fever – Seizures – Disorientation, confusion, and thought-process – Disorders – Hallucinations – Anorexia – Nausea and vomiting – Sweating – Rapid heartbeat 6 Short-term Risks Short-term Risks • Very little alcohol is needed to begin to impair a person’s judgment. When a person’s judgment is impaired, a person is more likely to do things that are embarrassing, out of character, dangerous, or even life-threatening, • 70% of college students admit to having engaged in sexual activity or to having sex they wouldn’t have normally had primarily as a result of being under the influence of alcohol. • 90% of all campus rapes occur when alcohol has been used by either the victim or the assailant. • At least 1 out of 5 college students fail to practice safe sex when they’re drunk even if they normally protect themselves when sober. • 55% of female students and 75% of male students involved in acquaintance rape admit to having been drinking or using drugs when the incident occurred. • Almost 1/3 or college students admit to having missed at least one class because of alcohol or drug use, and nearly 1/4 of students report failing a test or project because of the aftereffects of drinking or doing drugs. 7 CAGE Test • Used to determine when alcohol consumption is a problem....
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This note was uploaded on 02/17/2011 for the course HK 280 taught by Professor Trembath during the Fall '07 term at Purdue.

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CH_15_student - Ch 15-Drug and Alcohol Ch 15-Drug and...

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