CH_17student - Ch.17Respiratory Ch.17Respiratory...

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Ch. 17-Respiratory  Ch. 17-Respiratory  Emergencies Emergencies
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Assessment Determine level of threat to airway Determine cause of respiratory distress: Dsypnea- general difficulty breathing Choking COPD Pnuemonia Treat according to the cause
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COPD Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: lung  disease in which the lungs are damaged, making  it hard to breathe.  The tubes that carry air in and out of your lungs  are partly obstructed, making it difficult to get air  in and out. Less air goes in and out because: The airways and air sacs lose their elasticity (like an old  rubber band). The walls between many of the air sacs are destroyed. The walls of the airways become thick and inflamed  (swollen). Cells in the airways make more mucus (sputum) than 
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Causes of COPD Cigarette Smoking Breathing in pollutants over a period of time Types: Emphysema Bronchitis Asthma
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Emphysema Characterized by loss of elasticity of the lung  tissue (lungs don’t inflate properly) Sufferers exhibit: Evidence of weight loss History of increasing dyspnea on exertion Progressive limitation of activity Production of only small amounts of mucus  with coughing Mild emphysema sufferers often maintain  adequate blood oxygen levels by  hyperventilating, and so are sometimes called  "pink puffers".
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This note was uploaded on 02/17/2011 for the course HK 280 taught by Professor Trembath during the Fall '07 term at Purdue University.

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CH_17student - Ch.17Respiratory Ch.17Respiratory...

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