CH_21student - Ch.21Childbirthand Ch.21Childbirthand...

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Ch. 21-Childbirth and Ch. 21-Childbirth and Related Emergencies Related Emergencies 1
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Vocabulary Vocabulary Fetus - The developing unborn baby Uterus - The organ in which the baby grows Birth canal-  The vagina and lower part of the uterus Placenta - Structure on the inner lining of the uterus that provides the fetus with  nourishment Umbilical cord-  An extension of the placenta that resembles a sturdy rope,  through which the fetus is nourished Amniotic sac-  A sac of fluid in which the baby floats Vagina - The passage for childbirth Perineum - The area of skin and muscle between the vagina and the anus Crowning - The emergence of the baby’s head at the vaginal opening Cervix - The neck of the uterus Mucus Plug-  Serves as a barrier to protect the baby from infection.  May be lost  all at once or gradually over the course of weeks Bloody show-  Pink-tinged mucus in the vaginal discharge that is evident as  labor begins Presenting part-  The part of the baby that emerges first through the birth canal;  in a normal birth it is the head.   Vernix caseosa-  The white, cheeselike covering on a newborn’s skin 2
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Vocabulary Vocabulary Placenta previa-  A condition in which the placenta is positioned  abnormally  Abruptio placenta-  A condition in which a normally positioned  placenta separates from the uterine wall, usually during the last 3  months of pregnancy Preeclampsia-  A condition in pregnancy associated with high  blood pressure and swelling of the extremities; the first stage of  toxemia Eclampsia-  The second stage of toxemia of                      pregnancy, when life-threatening convulsions or                      coma occur 3
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Miscarriage Miscarriage Loss of pregnancy before 20 weeks of  gestation; also called “spontaneous abortion” 5
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Miscarriage First Aid Miscarriage First Aid 1. Ask the woman when her last menstrual period began. If the  last period began more than 22 weeks earlier, be prepared for  potential delivery of a premature baby. 2. Conduct an initial assessment; monitor vital signs. 3. Provide first aid care based on the woman’s symptoms. Help  control vaginal bleeding by placing a sanitary napkin over the  vaginal opening; never pack the vagina in an attempt to control  bleeding. If the pad becomes soaked with blood, replace it. 4. Save any passed tissue or evidence of blood loss, such as 
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This note was uploaded on 02/17/2011 for the course HK 280 taught by Professor Trembath during the Fall '07 term at Purdue University.

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CH_21student - Ch.21Childbirthand Ch.21Childbirthand...

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