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Unformatted text preview: CPR and AEDS 1 CPR CPR 1. 2. 3. 4. Can choose not to start CPR Once you start can only stop if:
EMS or other trained help arrives Pulse returns Too tired to continue Coroner or Dr. pronounces victim dead 90 % of the time CPR will be performed on someone you know.
2 CPR rates
Same: Cycle is 30 compressions to 2 breathes Rate is 100 compressions per minute for all ages 30 compressions in under 23 second Maximum of 10 seconds away from compressions Differences: Infant cover nose and mouth with your mouth Adult compress 1.5 – 2 inches Child/Infant compress .33 .5 chest depth Adult you always call for help first Child/Infant unwitnessed arrest do 5 cycles then call 3 Sudden Collapses A child usually collapses from respiratory distress. VF is present 714% of the time. An Adult usually collapses from sudden cardiac arrest. VF may be present up to 70% of the time Sudden Cardiac Arrest Sudden Cardiac arrest occurs when an irregular heart beat (arrhythmia) causes heart to stop beating Sudden cardiac arrest is not a heart attack, but can be caused by a heart attack Can be reversed if heart is shocked within 35 minutes In hospital survival rate is 90%, out of hospital it is 10% AED Stands for Automatic External Defibrillator First out of hospital AED weighed 110 lbs., most now weigh 8 lbs. When heart is in VF it delivers a shock to restore a normal rhythm. If delivered in first minute survival rate is 90% Each minute delay reduces survival by 10% Goal is shock within 35 minutes Survival Rates of Witnessed CA
New York: Few people get CPR and AED w/in 35 min Survival is 12% Seattle and Washington: CPR and AED training is widespread Survival rate is 30% Las Vegas Casinos: Security guards are trained and AEDS are available Survival is 5074% *All survivors had CPR & AED within 35 min.* ...
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- Fall '07