Unformatted text preview: What are the Agents of Socialization? Socialization?
Friday, September 7 Friday, Angie Andriot, Instructor Agents of Socialization Agents People or groups that affect our self-concept, People attitudes, behaviors, or other orientations toward life toward Family Workplace Peers School Religion Mass Media The Family The One of the main findings of sociologists One concerns the way socialization depends on a family’s social class on Whereas working-class parents focus on Whereas keeping children out of trouble and use physical punishment, middle-class parents focus on developing children’s curiosity and self-expression and reason with their children. with The Family The Why would parents raise their child Why differently depending on their social class? And what impact might that have on the child? on Work cultures differ They were raised that way They What does this finding tell us about the What assertions made in The Bell Curve? assertions The Bell Curve (1994) The Determining Causation: Determining
1. Race/SES Intelligence Race/SES 2. Intelligence Race/SES Intelligence 3. Race/SES ? Intelligence Race/SES ? = differential socialization, parent work differential culture, disciplinary methods culture, The Workplace The The more you participate in your line of work and The interact with others as a worker, the more your job is incorporated into your self-concept (e.g., “I am a sociologist”) sociologist”) Along with your job comes certain norms, values, Along attitudes—a culture, to which you must be socialized. attitudes—a Anticipatory socialization is the process of learning how to perform a future role how When parents socialize their children, they teach the When norms, values, and attitudes to which they adhere. But if different jobs have different cultures, and this is systematically correlated with status, then what does this mean for individual mobility? this Peers and School Peers Adolescent crowds Members of higher Members status crowds are more alike more Having high status Having within your crowd is more important than being in a high-status crowd crowd Those who hang out Those with other members of their crowd are more likely to fit the crowd stereotype stereotype
Table 1: Crowd Descriptives Status (1-5) Popular Cheerleader Brain Jock Normal Prep Player Thug Alternative 4.99 4.67 4.50 4.47 4.41 4.39 4.09 3.90 3.67 N (size) 30 2 14 22 39 6 11 13 5 Valid % Proportion Male 0.30 0.00 0.57 0.68 0.36 0.17 0.82 0.77 1.00 Proportion black (vs. white) 0.88 1.00 0.62 0.81 0.85 0.75 1.00 1.00 0.25 17.05 1.14 7.95 12.50 22.16 3.41 6.25 7.38 2.84 Other Multiple Response Total 4.05 4.23 24 10 176 13.64 5.68 100 0.25 0.50 0.47 0.94 1.00 0.72 Peers and School Peers Schools also differ in how they socialize Schools children children Studies show significant differences in the Studies disciplinary methods of urban (usually poor minority) and suburban (usually rich white) schools schools Urban schools focus on control, conformity, and Urban obedience obedience Suburban schools focus on creativity, individuality, Suburban and self-regulation and A Functionalist Theory of Inequality (Davis & Moore) (Davis A STRATIFICATION SYSTEM is… STRATIFICATION A hierarchical system of occupations with unequal hierarchical status and rewards. status D & M’s Functionalist Hypothesis: Every society requires a stratification system for its Every survival. survival. In such a system… Rewards = job importance + skill scarcity + job unpleasantness job Davis & Moore’s Hypothetical Davis Stratification System
Pleasantness ● LOW Level of Reward Skills Scarce/ High Importance Moderate on Both, or Mixed High/Low Skills Abundant/ Tasks Not Very Important ● HIGH ● MEDIUM ● MEDIUM ● HIGH ● LOW On Monday: We will begin talking about social We structure and social interaction structure Readings: Chapter 4 Review of This Week Review What is the nature versus nurture debate? Meanings of nature and nurture Different views of human nature (tabula rasa, etc) Marx’s four types of alienation Definition of socialization Definition of self Reflexivity Cooley and the looking-glass self Mead on role-taking and the stages of development How the family works as an agent of socialization How the workplace works as an agent of socialization How the school and peer groups work as an agent of socialization Davis and Moore’s functionalist theory of inequality How are we socialized? What are the agents of socialization? ...
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- Fall '08
- Sociology, anticipatory socialization, Socialization Agents, School Peers, high-status crowd crowd