Unformatted text preview: How do individuals affect groups and groups affect individuals? individuals?
Friday, September 21 Friday, Angie Andriot, Instructor Group Dynamics Group Group Dynamics - The ways in which Group groups and individuals influence one another another Group size has an important impact on Group group dynamics group Recall, in sociology a group is defined Recall, based on IDENTITY + INTERACTION based The Effects of Group Size The The more people within the group, the more potential network affiliations exist. Effects of Group Interactions Effects Open versus Closed Networks Social capital, social control Parents in a neighborhood Closed Open Effect of Group Size on Attitudes and Behavior Attitudes Diffusion of responsibility: The Bystander Diffusion Effect (Genovese Syndrome) Effect Kitty Genovese http://www.oldkewgardens.com/ss-nytimes-3.html http://www2.selu.edu/Academics/Faculty/scraig/gansberg.html Textbook p. 130 http://wcco.com/topstories/local_story_235160844.html http://www.news.com.au/dailytelegraph/story/0,2 2049,22016370-5006003,00.html What accounts for this??? What
When there is an emergency, the more bystanders When there are, the less likely it is that any of them will actually help. actually Bystanders go through a five-step process, during each Bystanders each of which they can decide to do nothing. of Notice the event (or in a hurry and not notice). Notice Realize the emergency (or assume that as others are not Realize acting, it is not an emergency). Assume responsibility (or assume that others will do this). Assume Know what to do (or not) Know Act (or worry about danger, legislation, embarrassment, etc.) Act Peer Pressure Peer Asch Experiment (p 132) 33% gave wrong answer 33% half the time half 40% gave wrong answer less than half the time 25% never gave wrong 25% answer answer Authority and Obedience Authority The Milgram Experiment: The http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=y6GxIuljT http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=y6GxIuljT = Why did the world knowingly let Hitler Why get away with so much? get Milgram had two theories explaining Milgram his results: his Theory of Conformism Theory based on Asch's work, describing the based fundamental relationship between the group of reference and the individual person. A subject who has neither ability nor expertise to make decisions, especially in a crisis, will leave decision making to the group and its hierarchy. The group is the person's behavioural model. Agentic State Theory Agentic the person comes to view himself as the instrument for the carrying out another person's wishes, and he therefore no longer sees himself as responsible for his actions. Once this critical shift of viewpoint has occurred in the person, all of the essential features of obedience follow. This is the foundation of military respect for authority, This soldiers will follow, obey, and execute orders and commands from superiors, understanding that responsibility for their actions rests with the commanding superior officers. Abu Ghraib? Abu Soldiers claim to have just been “following orders” just But not all of them seemed uncomfortable… More photos at: http://www.antiwar.com/news Groupthink Groupthink A narrowing of thought by a group of narrowing people, leading to the perception that there is only one correct answer, in whch eto even suggest alternatives becomes a sign of disloyalty sign “collective tunnel vision” collective 9/11 aftermath, U.S. government defends 9/11 torture as “lesser of two evils” torture ...
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