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Unformatted text preview: What are the Perspectives on Deviance? Deviance?
Wednesday, September 26 Wednesday, Angie Andriot, Instructor Deviance Deviance The violation of rules or norms RELATIVE, since it is defined in terms of RELATIVE, norms norms “It is not the act itself, but the reaction to It the act, that makes something deviant” the -(Becker) “When in Rome, do as the Romans do” Deviant against norms against values against laws Immoral Criminal *But, whose norms? Whose values? Whose laws? The Three Perspectives The Symbolic Interactionism – how did the Symbolic perspectives of the people involved explain why they did what they did? explain Conflict theory – which group has the Conflict power/ control of resources, and how did this influence what happened? this Functionalism – what is the purpose or Functionalism benefit of the law and its violation? and Conflict Theory Conflict
Basic Premises: Society is unequal Some groups hold more power and control more resources Some than others than The Law is an Instrument of Oppression Laws are decided by members of the ruling class The ruling class makes us *think* the justice system is The impartial impartial Morality is an Instrument of Oppression One way to keep the oppressed in check is to get them to One internalize the status hierarchy and dominant structural norms internalize Conflict Theory Conflict Differential treatment of certain crimes Differential Which is worse: alcohol abuse or drug Which abuse? Which kinds of drugs? abuse? Differential treatment of certain criminals http://www.pittsburghlive.com/x/pittsburghtrib/news/mostread/s_529360.html http://news.enquirer.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20070904/NEWS01/309040051 Jena 6 Should breastfeeding be allowed in Should public? public? http://feministing.com/archives/007752.html Functionalism Functionalism Two Elements of Social Action Ends – “things worth striving for” defined by the culture as valuable may be accepted or rejected by individuals Means – ways of attaining goals regulated by social norms provided (or denied) by social structure Anomie = a “disequilibrium” between accepted ends and available means. Strain Theory Strain
Legitimate MEANS… Cultural GOALS…
Accept Reject Substitute Accept I. CONFORMITY II. INNOVATION Reject III. RITUALISM Substitute
IV. RETREATISM V. REBELLION Examples of Individual Adaptations Adaptations Conformity: A person gets a job so she can earn money to buy an iPod. earn Innovation: An athlete takes steroids to boost endurance. boost Ritualism: A student goes to classes even though he is not interested in school. though Retreatism: A frustrated worker drops out and becomes a hobo or starving artist. and Rebellion: A powerful social movement tries to change the social structure using radical means to achieve novel ends. means ...
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- Fall '08