How%20else%20has%20social%20change%20transformed%20social%20

How%20else%20has%20social%20change%20transformed%20social%20...

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How else has social change transformed social life? Wednesday, November 28
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Max Weber Bureaucracies are becoming the new organizational model Bureaucracy: large hierarchical organization governed by formal rules and regulations and having clearly specified work tasks Bureaucracy is the leading example of rationalization, the most important social development of modernity decisions should be based on efficiency, not tradition
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Elements of Bureaucracy Impersonality Impersonality : Decision-making criteria that ignore personal characteristics not related organizational goals Division of labor Division of labor : Subdivision of different people or groups in different tasks, characteristics of most bureaucracies (p. 295) Hierarchy of authority Hierarchy of authority : Ranking of people or tasks in a bureaucracy from those at the top, where there is a great deal of power and authority, to those at the bottom, where there is little power and authority (p. 295)
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George Ritzer George Ritzer argues that McDonalds is becoming the model for organizations in the 21st Century McDonaldization: “the process by which the principles of the fast food restaurant are coming to dominate more and more sectors of American society as well as of the rest of the world” “McDonaldization is an extension of Weber’s theory of rationalization. For Weber, the model of rationalization was the bureaucracy; for me, the fast-food restaurant is the paradigm of McDonaldization”
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Four Elements of McDonaldization 1. 1. Efficiency Efficiency : the search for optimum means to a given end 2. Calculability
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This document was uploaded on 02/17/2011.

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How%20else%20has%20social%20change%20transformed%20social%20...

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