Unformatted text preview: What are the components of Culture? Culture?
Monday, August 27 Monday, Angie Andriot, Instructor Review of Last Week Review What is sociology? Definition of sociology How sociology differs from psychology and biology Structure versus agency Basic versus applied sociology Definition of theory Sociological Perspective The founding fathers of sociology Functionalism, Conflict Theory, and Symbolic Interactionism Common sense versus science The research model Reliability and validity Qualitative versus Quantitative methods What are the theoretical perspectives? How do sociologists do research? What is culture? What The language, beliefs, values, norms, The behaviors, and material objects that are passed from one generation to the next. passed Culture can be MATERIAL (clothing, art, Culture homes) or NONMATERIAL (ways of NONMATERIAL thinking and doing) thinking Ethnocentrism and Cultural Relativism Relativism Ethnocentrism is the tendency to judge other cultures based on how closely they match our own own Cultural relativism means that Cultural we understand a culture on its own terms, without judgment own Is there a third option???? Symbolic Culture Symbolic A symbol is used for communication and symbol is something to which people have attached meaning: attached Gestures Language Values, norms, sanctions Strength of Norms Strength
There are three levels of norms based on There their relative strength of sanctioning: their 1. folkways- not strictly enforced 2. mores- essential to core values, usually 2. illegal illegal 3. taboos- beyond unthinkable, often resulting in (symbolic) banishment resulting What are subcultures and countercultures? countercultures?
Monday, August 27 Monday, Angie Andriot, Instructor Subcultures Subcultures A subculture exists within the larger subculture dominant culture. It shares fundamental commonalities with the dominant culture—or, at the least, is not contradictory to the dominant beliefs beliefs These groups share an identity and These are formed around a common interest, belief, activity, etc. Countercultures Countercultures When a subculture contradicts When the beliefs and values of the dominant culture, it is called a counterculture counterculture Countercultures can be Countercultures subcultures centered around deviant values and activities, or they can be actively critical of the dominant culture On Wednesday: We will watch “how to be emo” in class, and apply the We case to what we have learned about culture case We will go over values in U.S. society and the impact We of technology on culture. of You will have finished reading chapter 2 of your You textbook, and may have done the optional readings textbook, “The language of IM” (Wired article) “Wired to the counterculture” (Le Monde Diplomatique) I will give you the key points from this week’s readings will and lectures, so that you may study for Friday’s exam if you like (but recall that it is not going to be graded, just extra credit for doing it) extra ...
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