MSept24 - What is the Symbolic Interactionist Perspective...

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Unformatted text preview: What is the Symbolic Interactionist Perspective on Deviance? Deviance? Monday, September 24 Monday, Angie Andriot, Instructor Last Week: Monday Meanings of Aggregate, Category, and Group Primary versus Secondary Group Voluntary Association Positive and negative effects of ingroup and outgroup categorization Meaning of social network and various types Homophily versus conformity Social capital Positive and negative aspects of bureaucracy Bystander effect, meaning and causes Peer pressure, Asch study Authority and obedience, Milgram expermient Differentiate between theory of conformism, agentic state theory, and Differentiate groupthink groupthink Wednesday Friday Deviance Deviance The violation of rules or norms RELATIVE, since it is defined in terms of RELATIVE, norms norms “It is not the act itself, but the reaction to It the act, that makes something deviant” the -(Becker) “When in Rome, do as the Romans do” Political Orientation and Morality Morality 5 dimensions of morality harm/care harm/care fairness/reciprocity ingroup/loyalty authority/respect purity/sanctity purity/sanctity Where do you think liberals and Where conservatives differ? conservatives Political Orientation and Morality Morality Green = me Blue = liberal Red = conservative Crime Crime Crime – the violation of norms or rules Crime which have been written into law which Most likely to be mores or taboos It is a crime because it is illegal, it is not illegal because it is a crime because Modernity and crime (example: avatars) Rape in Cyberspace Theft in cyberspace Theft Sex in cyberspace (children, animals, unicorns) Stigma Stigma “blemishes” that blemishes” discredit a person’s claim to normal “identity” “identity” Norms of ability Norms (blindness) (blindness) Norms of appearance Norms (obesity) (obesity) The Three Perspectives The Symbolic Interactionism – how did the Symbolic perspectives of the people involved explain why they did what they did? explain Conflict theory – which group has the Conflict power/ control of resources, and how did this influence what happened? this Functionalism – what is the purpose or Functionalism benefit of the law and its violation? and Symbolic Interactionism Symbolic Three main Theories: Three Differential Association Theory Focus on group membership Control Theory Focus on how people balance pressures to conform Focus and to deviate and Labeling Theory Focus on the significance of the labels people are Focus given given Differential Association Theory Theory Deviance is learned The groups with which we associate give The us certain messages about conformity and deviance and Families Neighborhoods Chosen groups (friendship groups, clubs) Control Theory Control Two control systems: inner and outer Similar to intrinsic and extrinsic motivation Inner Control Attachments (feeling affection and respect for people who conform to mainstream norms) conform Commitments (having a stake in society that you don’t want to risk losing) risk Involvements (putting time and energy into approved activities Beliefs (morality, religion) Outer Control Outer Influence of significant others Labeling Theory Labeling The view that the labels people are given The affect their own and others’ perceptions of them, thus channeling their behavior either into deviance or into conformity either Five Techniques of Neutralization Neutralization 1. Denial of responsibility – “I couldn’t help Denial myself” myself” 2. Denial of injury – “It’s not like I’m hurting Denial anybody” anybody” 3. Denial of victim – “They deserved it” 4. Condemnation of the Condemners – “Who Condemnation are you to judge?” are 5. Appeal to higher loyalties – “I had to help my Appeal friends” friends” ...
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This document was uploaded on 02/17/2011.

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