WAug22 - What are the theoretical perspectives perspectives...

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Unformatted text preview: What are the theoretical perspectives? perspectives? Wednesday, August 22 Wednesday, Angie Andriot, Instructor The Sociological Perspective The IS: understanding human behavior by understanding placing it within its broader social context placing IS NOT: making generalizations about making the world based on your own limited experiences experiences Text p. 4-5 C. Wright Mills C. “The sociological imagination The enables us to grasp the connection between history and biography.” biography.” Text p. 4 Social Structure Social Culture Race Gender Class All of these—and more—influence our behaviors. To what extent this is true is one of those ongoing debates that never really get resolved. Your stance on the matter provides part of the basis of your THEORETICAL PERSPECTIVE. Structure vs. Agency Structure Where is the balance? STRUCTURE STRUCTURE “I am am entirely a product of my upbringing” upbringing” AGENCY “I am completely in control of my actions” The Triad of Sociology The Emile Durkheim The Grand Classical Theorists Karl Marx Max Weber Text p. 7-8 Functionalism (Structure) Functionalism Durkheim, Parsons, Merton Society is composed of many interrelated Society parts parts If it exists, it is because it serves a If purpose purpose Function vs Disfunction Latent vs Manifest Text p. 16-18 Conflict (agency) Conflict Marx, Critical Theory (ex: feminism) Competition for resources Struggle for power “Power is not an institution, and not a structure; neither Power is it a certain strength we are endowed with; it is the name that one attributes to a complex strategical situation in a particular society.” -Foucault situation Symbolic Interaction (structure and agency) (structure Cooley and Mead (Weber?) SYMBOLIC: “There is no spoon…” SYMBOLIC: FDVNkFicuk http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_ INTERACTION: Society influences the self INTERACTION: through interaction, and vice versa through “If people define situations as real, they are If real in their consequences” –Thomas theorem Text p. 14-16 The Three Perspectives The ...
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