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What%20is%20Demography - What is Demography What Monday...

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Unformatted text preview: What is Demography? What Monday, November 12 Demography Demography The statistical study of populations Size, composition, growth, distribution Fertility Fertility Three demographic variables Fertility rate – number of children average woman bears Crude birth rate – annual live births per 1000 people Crude death rate – annual deaths per 1000 people Net migration rate – difference between immigrants (moving in) Net and emigrants (moving out) per 1000 people and Mortality Migration The New Malthusians The Are there too many humans? Malthus theorem – although the human population Malthus grows geometrically (2,4,8,18), the food supply grows arithmetically (1,2,3,4) grows Population will eventually outstrip food supply The new Malthusians Voluntary human extinction movement http://www.vhemt.org http:// Voluntary / Church of Euthanasia http://www.churchofeuthanasia.org/ http:// Church Population Growth Population 365,000 148,000 217,000 The Exponential Growth Curve The The Anti-Malthusians The Who’s right? Who’s Both make predictions based on past trends Least industrialized nations are experiencing Least population growth (Stage 2) population Death rates plummeting with modernization Most industrialized nations are experiencing Most population shrinkage (Stage 4) population 65 countries shrinking population All 42 European countries China’s 1 child rule Why are people starving? Why There is now more food per person There in the world than in 1950 in Even without agricultural gains Even through bioengineering, the UN estimates there will be ample food to keep up with the world’s growing population for at least the next 30 year (2000) next Why are people starving? Why The food is not evenly The distributed distributed Droughts Wars The United States pays The people to NOT grow crops people Too much food would drive Too down prices below cost down Population Growth Population Least industrialized Least nations growing 15x faster than the most industrialized nations industrialized But the least But industrialized nations are currently also the least populated least Starvation is not from Starvation overpopulation, but from unequal distribution of food distribution Implications of different growth rates rates Population pyramids – graphic representations Population of population, divided into age and sex of Birth rates and Industrialization Birth Families are bigger in poorer countries (less Families industrialized nations) industrialized Why? Why? Symbolic interactionist perspective: Status of parenthood – woman’s purpose is to raise Status children, men prove manliness by fathering many children (sons) children Community support – children sign of blessedness Functionalist Perspective Functionalist children are economic assets Contribute to family labor Social Security, investment Social Conflict Perspective Conflict Birthrates are higher in the least industrialized Birthrates countries because men control women’s reproduction reproduction Men need children to prove manliness Women internalize norms of childbearing Lack of access to birth control and abortions Global Gag Rule: Global http://www.populationaction.org/Publications/Documen http://www.populationaction.org/Publications/Documen Gender and Birth Gender Abortion of female fetuses and female Abortion infanticide Structural explanation: girl children cost money, Structural status, and security while boy children provide those same things those Parents in china only allowed one child China has 120 boys for every 100 girls Right now there are 6 bachelors for every five Right potential brides potential Sociological Implications Sociological Surplus of adult men Political threat Disgruntled Shut out from traditional life Turn to deviance by necessity Merton – anomie as disjuncture between Merton culturally acceptable means and approved ends culturally Merton’s Deviance Typology Merton’s Legitimate MEANS… Cultural GOALS… Accept Reject Substitute Accept I. CONFORMITY II. INNOVATION Reject III. RITUALISM Substitute IV. RETREATISM V. REBELLION ...
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