WOct31 - What are some current trends in U.S. families?...

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Unformatted text preview: What are some current trends in U.S. families? trends Wednesday, October 31 Interracial Marriages Interracial • 7% of marriages are between people from different racial-ethnic backgrounds (4 million couples) •Interracial marriage/sex used to be illegal, with penalties as severe as life imprisonment •1967 – Supreme Court rules such laws unconstitutional •1998 – South Carolina removes its ban on interracial marriage •2000 – Alabama removes its ban on interracial marriage Same-Sex Marriages Same-Sex Legal in the Netherlands, Belgium, Canada, Legal South Africa, Spain South Civil unions available in Connecticut, Civil Vermont, New Jersey, California, and New Hampshire Hampshire 2004 Massachusetts begins allowing same-sex 2004 marriage marriage 2007 Iowa begins allowing same-sex marriage 2007 (decision stayed) (decision Family Structures Family •The majority of U.S. households are still comprised of married couples •In 1970, 85% of children under 18 lived with both parents •In 2000, 69% did Postponing Marriage and Childbirth Postponing •Today’s average first-time brides and grooms are older than any other time in U.S. history •In 1970, 35% of women and 55% of men age 20-24 had never married. •In 2000, 73% of women and 84% of men age 20-24 had never married Cohabitation Cohabitation Although Americans have postponed the age at which Although they first marry, they have not postponed the age at not which they first set up a household with a romantic partner. Cohabitation refers to adults living together in a sexual relationship without being married sexual Cohabitation is almost 10 times more common today Cohabitation than it was 30 years ago than 60% of first-time newlyweds were already cohabiting Cohabitation Cohabitation Not always a step toward marriage Substitute for marriage Step toward marriage Trial marriage Coresidential dating Within 5 years of moving in together, about 55% of Within cohabiting couples marry, 40% end relationship, and 5% are still cohabiting 5% 40% of all children born to ‘single mothers’ are 40% actually born within cohabiting households actually What are the causes and consequences of divorce? consequences Wednesday, October 31 Problems in Measuring Divorce Rates Rates It is about 50% if you measure divorces versus It weddings in any given year weddings BUT, those two numbers have nothing to do with one BUT, another: most people don’t divorce the same year they marry… marry… It is about 2% if you measure divorces in a given year It versus total marriages But that’s just for one year… It is about 10% if you measure the percentage of the It population that is divorced population But that is of those who’ve never remarried… Measuring Divorce Measuring Percentage of population that is married: 59% (down from 62% in 1990, 72% in 1970) 59% Percentage of population that has never Percentage married: 24% married: Percentage of population that is divorced: 10% (up from 8% in 1990, 6% in 1980) 10% Percentage of population that is widowed: 7% 7% Measuring Marriage Measuring Median duration of first marriages that end in divorce: 8 years. years. Median duration of second marriages that end in divorce: 7 years years Median number of years people wait to remarry after their first Median divorce: 3 years years Percentage of married people who reach their anniversaries: 5th: 82% 10th: 65% 15th: 52% 25th: 33% 35th: 20% 50th: 5% Divorce across Categories Divorce Divorce Across Categories Divorce If you are _______ you risk of divorce If decreases by ________ decreases College educated, 13% Religious, 14% From still-married parents, 14% At least 25 when you marry, 24% Childless at least 7 mos. after marrying, 24% Making over $50,000 per year, 30% Children of Divorce Children About 75-80% of children of divorce function About as well as children of married parents as Those 20-25% who don’t are more likely to Experience emotional problems, even into Experience adulthood adulthood Become juvenile delinquents Drop out of high school Not go to college Get divorced Get ...
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