Unformatted text preview: What are the Perspectives on Deviance? Deviance?
Wednesday, September 26 Wednesday, Angie Andriot, Instructor Deviance Deviance The violation of rules or norms RELATIVE, since it is defined in terms of RELATIVE, norms norms “It is not the act itself, but the reaction to It the act, that makes something deviant” the -(Becker) “When in Rome, do as the Romans do” Deviant against norms against values against laws Immoral Criminal *But, whose norms? Whose values? Whose laws? The Three Perspectives The Symbolic Interactionism – how did the Symbolic perspectives of the people involved explain why they did what they did? explain Conflict theory – which group has the Conflict power/ control of resources, and how did this influence what happened? this Functionalism – what is the purpose or Functionalism benefit of the law and its violation? and Symbolic Interactionism Symbolic
Three main Theories: Three Differential Association Theory Focus on group membership Control Theory Focus on how people balance pressures to conform Focus and to deviate and Labeling Theory Focus on the significance of the labels people are Focus given given Functionalism Functionalism Two Elements of Social Action Ends – “things worth striving for” defined by the culture as valuable may be accepted or rejected by individuals Means – ways of attaining goals regulated by social norms provided (or denied) by social structure Anomie = a “disequilibrium” between accepted ends and available means. Strain Theory Strain
Legitimate MEANS… Cultural GOALS…
Accept Reject Substitute Accept I. CONFORMITY II. INNOVATION Reject III. RITUALISM Substitute
IV. RETREATISM V. REBELLION Examples of Individual Adaptations Adaptations Conformity: A person gets a job so she can earn money to buy an iPod. earn Innovation: An athlete takes steroids to boost endurance. boost Ritualism: A student goes to classes even though he is not interested in school. though Retreatism: A frustrated worker drops out and becomes a hobo or starving artist. and Rebellion: A powerful social movement tries to change the social structure using radical means to achieve novel ends. means ...
View Full Document