perception3

perception3 - 
 Percep,on
and
Ac,on:
Part
III
...

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Unformatted text preview: 10/27/10
 Percep,on
and
Ac,on:
Part
III
 Understanding
Ac,on
in
Others
 Imita,on
 •  Imita,on:
way
of
learning
about
the
world
 •  Imitate
ac,ons
early
in
life
 •  By
6‐months
 –  Will
imitate
poking
tongue
out
to
the
side
 –  Will
imitate
novel
ac,ons
they
have
seen
 performed
on
objects
aIer
a
24
hour
delay
 (deferred
imita*on)
 Imita,ng
Novel
Ac,ons
 •  Light
Box
Study
(Meltzoff)
 1
 10/27/10
 Imita,ng
Ac,ons
on
TV
 (Barr
&
Hayne,
1999)
 •  Will
infants
show
deferred
imita,on
of
 behaviors
seen
on
tv?
 Imita,ng
Peers
 (Meltzoff,
1993)
 •  Do
young
children
just
imitate
novel
ac,ons
of
 adults,
or
will
they
show
deferred
imita,on
 based
on
peer
behavior
as
well?
 Ac,on
Expecta,on
 •  Do
infants
understand
that
ac,ons
have
 beginnings
and
endings?
 2
 10/27/10
 Ac,on
Expecta,on
 Inten,on
and
Ac,on
 •  People’s
ac,ons
are
usually
intended
to
 accomplish
a
goal.
 •  Inten,on:
the
goal
of
ac,ng
in
a
certain
way
 Imita,ng
Inten,ons
using
Verbal
Cues
 •  Showed
14‐month‐olds
two
ac,ons
that
 produced
an
interes,ng
effect.
 •  Would
infants
only
imitate
inten,onal
ac,ons?
 3
 10/27/10
 Imita,ng
Inten,ons
using
Verbal
Cues
 Imita,ng
Inten,ons
using
Verbal
Cues
 •  Infants
only
imitated
those
ac,ons
that
were
 verbally
indicated
as
purposeful.
 Imita,ng
Inten,ons
 •  Dumbbell
Study
(Meltzoff)
 4
 10/27/10
 Imita,ng
Inten,ons
 •  Dumbbell
study
with
mechanical
device
 (Meltzoff)
 •  Do
18‐month‐old
imitate
“inten,ons”
of
a
 mechanical
device?
 Ac,ons
and
Goals
 •  Are
infants
represen,ng
ac,ons
as
structured
 with
respect
to
external
goals?
(Woodward)
 Ac,ons
and
Goals
 HABITUATION
 NEW
GOAL
 OLD
GOAL
 5
 10/27/10
 Ac,ons
and
Goals
 HABITUATION
 NEW
GOAL
 OLD
GOAL
 Ac,ons
and
Goals
 •  Do
adults
and
infants
show
visual
an,cipa,on
 of
goals?
(von
Hofsten)
 An,cipa,ng
Goals
 6
 10/27/10
 An,cipa,ng
Goals
 Ac,ons,
Goals,
and
Motor
Skills
 •  Is
ac,on
understanding
linked
with
ac,on
 produc,on?
(Woodward)
 Ac,ons,
Goals,
and
Motor
Skills
 7
 10/27/10
 Mirror
Neurons
 •  Specialized
neurons
 •  Fire
when
monkeys/humans
perform
a
goal‐ directed
ac,on
on
an
object

 •  Fire
when
monkeys/humans
watch
someone
 else
perform
this
same
ac,on


 Mirror
Neurons
 Mirror
Neurons
 •  Mirror
neuron
representa,ons
appear
to
be
 shaped
by
motor
experience.
 8
 10/27/10
 Mirror
Neurons
and
Au,sm
 9
 ...
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This note was uploaded on 02/17/2011 for the course HK 453 taught by Professor Claxton during the Fall '10 term at Purdue.

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