PTSD - POSTTRAUMATIC STRESS DISORDER PSY 350 February 16-18...

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Unformatted text preview: POSTTRAUMATIC STRESS DISORDER PSY 350 February 16-18 What is PTSD? PTSD is a psychiatric disorder that can occur following the experience or witnessing of life-threatening events such as military combat, natural disasters, terrorist incidents, serious accidents, or violent personal assaults like rape (NC-PTSD/ www.ncptsd.org ). Currently categorized as an anxiety disorder, Is PTSD best classified as an anxiety disorder or a dissociative disorder? PTSD is characterized by symptoms of hyperarousal, avoidance / emotional numbing, and reexperiencing. "I cant forget it for a moment. The trauma is with me every moment." - Anonymous What Constitutes Trauma? A trauma is an intensely stressful event during which a person suffers serious harm or the threat of serious harm or death or witnesses an event during which another person (or persons) is killed, seriously injured, or threatened. The essential characteristics of a traumatic event include (but are not restricted to): A serious threat to one's life A serious threat to one's physical integrity A serious threat or possible harm to one's children/spouse/close relative/friends Sudden destruction of one's home or community Seeing another person who has recently been / is being seriously injured or killed Physical violence Learning about serious threat / harm to relative / family Traumatic events are commonly classified as follows: Abuse (mental, physical, sexual, verbal) Catastrophe (harmful and fatal accidents, natural disasters, and terrorism) Violent attack (animal attack, assault, battery and domestic violence, rape) War, battle, and combat (death, explosion, gunfire) DSM-IV-TR Diagnostic Criteria Two necessary criteria: experiencing or witnessing an event or events that involved actual or threatened death or serious injury, or a threat to the physical integrity of self or others response involved intense fear, helplessness, or horror. PTSD is characterized by a specific group of symptoms that sets it apart from other types of reactions to trauma. Increasingly, evidence points to four major types of symptoms: re-experiencing, avoidance, numbing, and arousal. Numbing/avoidance currently represents one symptom cluster in the DSM- IV-TR Re-experiencing mental replay of the trauma, often accompanied by strong emotional reactions can happen in reaction to thoughts or reminders of the experience when the person is awake or in the form of nightmares during sleep Criteria (cont.) Avoidance symptoms efforts to evade activities, places, or people that are reminders of the trauma Numbing symptoms a loss of emotions, particularly positive feelings....
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This note was uploaded on 02/17/2011 for the course PSYCH 350 taught by Professor Conger during the Spring '10 term at Purdue University-West Lafayette.

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PTSD - POSTTRAUMATIC STRESS DISORDER PSY 350 February 16-18...

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