Substance%20Abuse

Substance%20Abuse - 2/18/11 Substance Abuse/Dependence...

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Click to edit Master subtitle style 2/18/11 Substance Abuse/Dependence
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2/18/11 Lifetime prevalence of drug dependence Drug dependence disorders involving illicit drugs affect nearly 3 in 100 adults in the United States. Marijuana (cannabis) dependence is the most
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2/18/11 Addiction and Other Forms of Compulsive Addiction - Impaired control over the use of a chemical substance, accompanied by physiological dependence. Physiological dependence - A condition in which the drug user’s body comes to depend on a steady supply of the substance. Psychological dependence - Compulsive use of a substance to meet a psychological need.
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2/18/11 Pathways to Drug Dependence Although the progression to substance dependence varies from person to person, one common pathway involves a progression through the following stages: 1. Experimentation . 1. Routine use. -Individual begins to structure life around drug use -Denial that drug plays major role in life -Change of values/priorities 1. Addiction or dependence.
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2/18/11 Drugs of Abuse Drugs of abuse are generally classified within three major groupings: (a) Depressants, such as alcohol and opioids (a) Stimulants, such as amphetamines and cocaine. (a) Hallucinogens.
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2/18/11 Depressants A depressant is a drug that slows down or curbs the activity of the central nervous system. It reduces feelings of tension and anxiety, slows movement, and impairs cognitive processes. In high doses, depressants can arrest vital functions and cause death.
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2/18/11 Alcohol Alcohol is the most widely abused substance in the United States and worldwide. Alcoholism - An alcohol dependence disorder or addiction that results in serious personal, social, occupational, or health problems. The most widely held view of alcoholism is the disease model , the belief that alcoholism is a medical illness or disease.
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2/18/11 Risk Factors for Alcoholism A number of factors place people at increased risk for developing alcoholism and alcohol-related problems. These include the following: 1. Gender. - Men are twice as likely to develop alcoholism 1. Age. - Highest Risk: Ages 20 - 40 1. Antisocial personality disorder. 2. Family history. - Best predictor of future alcoholism 1. Sociodemographic factors.
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2/18/11 Psychological Effects of Alcohol The effects of alcohol or other drugs vary from person to person. By and large they reflect the interaction of: (a) The physiological effects of the substances. (b) Our interpretations of those effects.
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Physical Health and Alcohol Chronic, heavy alcohol use affects virtually every organ and body system, either directly or indirectly. Heavy alcohol use is linked to increased risk of many serious health concerns, including: 1. Liver disease. 2.
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This note was uploaded on 02/17/2011 for the course PSYCH 350 taught by Professor Conger during the Spring '10 term at Purdue.

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Substance%20Abuse - 2/18/11 Substance Abuse/Dependence...

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