Substance%20Related%20Disorders

Substance%20Related%20Disorders - W eek of M arch 8, 2010...

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Week of March 8, 2010
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Definitions Substance Any natural or synthesized product that has psychoactive effects Substance Use Ingestion of a psychoactive substance Does not affect social, educational, or occupational functioning Substance Intoxication Reversible syndrome specific to substance maladaptive behavioral and psychological symptoms
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Substance Abuse Repeated problems as result of substance use 1. Failure to met important obligations at work, home or school 2. Repeated use of substance in physically hazardous situations 3. Repeated legal problems 4. Continued use despite legal or social problems
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Substance Dependence Evidence of physiological dependence AND repeated problems as result of substance use 1. Substance is taken in larger amounts and over longer period than intended 2. Desire/unsuccessful effort to decrease use 3. Excessive time spent in activities to obtain, use, or recover from substance 4. Activities (i.e., social, work) given up 5. Use continues despite knowledge of having recurrent problems
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Substance Dependence Criteria – continued 1. Tolerance: More substance is needed to get to the same level of “high” OR Same amount of substance leads to less of a high 1. Withdrawal: Physiologically aversive reactions to removal of the substance OR Substance substitution to avoid aversive symptoms
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Substance Use, Intoxication, Abuse or Dependence? Dennis is a 16-year-old in a juvenile detention center. He According to his parents, he had no emotional difficulties until, at age 13, he became involved in drugs, primarily LSD and
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Substance%20Related%20Disorders - W eek of M arch 8, 2010...

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