What is Abnormal - WHAT IS ABNORMAL& RESEARCH METHODS Abnormal Psychology Normal or Abnormal Being anxious before a job interview Being anxious

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Unformatted text preview: WHAT IS ABNORMAL? & RESEARCH METHODS Abnormal Psychology Normal or Abnormal? Being anxious before a job interview Being anxious before going to bed Feeling sad when someone has died Feeling sad for five years after someone has died Cutting back on fatty foods Eating <750 calories per day A man kissing a child A woman barking like a dog Psychological Disorder Psychological disorders are abnormal behavior patterns that involve a disturbance of psychological functioning or behavior BUT what is abnormal behavior? Criteria for Determining Abnormal Behavior Unusualness Not typical or occurs infrequently Social Deviance Not culturally expected or violate social norms Faulty Interpretations of Reality Breakdown in cognitive processing (e.g. delusions, hallucinations) Personal Distress/Impairment Significant emotional distress and impairment in functioning Maladaptive or Self-defeating behavior Behavior that leads to unhappiness or limits ability to function or adapt Dangerousness Behavior that is dangerous to oneself or others Criteria for Determining Abnormality Why is each aspect important to this definition of abnormal behavior? Why would it be insufficient to consider just one aspect? Why shouldn’t just view rare behaviors as abnormal? Why consider culture? Why Consider Culture? Cultures vary on what constitutes abnormality Hallucinations in native American religious practice Speaking in tongues ADHD, DID in US vs. Europe Skirts and kilts Views of abnormality WITHIN a culture can change over time Hysteria Homosexuality Divorce Determining Abnormality Tom is uncomfortable riding escalators. As a result, Tom avoids using any escalator. What would you want to know about the case to evaluate whether this behavior is normal or abnormal?...
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This note was uploaded on 02/17/2011 for the course PSYCH 350 taught by Professor Conger during the Spring '10 term at Purdue University-West Lafayette.

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What is Abnormal - WHAT IS ABNORMAL& RESEARCH METHODS Abnormal Psychology Normal or Abnormal Being anxious before a job interview Being anxious

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