Plato - Republic Book 4

Plato - Republic Book 4 - (119) • Justice: 3 different...

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Republic Book 4: 1. How can this be an ideal city, if the guardians are unhappy? Preliminary answer: well-being of the whole takes precedence over well-being of the part The city is ideal, because it is unified o not corrupted by wealth or poverty o profession fighters much better then larger armies o can easily make alliances with others, since not interested in material gain o city will not grow too large 2. Virtues of the city Wisdom Courage Moderation o Sophrosune-- temperance, self-control o All agreeing who should rule; classes working together in harmony Justice (each part doing what it is designed to do) in the person defined-- internally, not externally
Background image of page 1
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: (119) • Justice: 3 different parts to the soul o 1. rational- reason o 2. spirited- source of fear, courage o 3. appetites- desire (for food, sex, etc.) • Each correspond to the different tiers of society (ex. rational-guardians, appetites-craftsmen) • Justice is internal, control their spirit and appetite with ration/reason. • Those ruled by reason are just. • morality is a healthy soul, like health of the body all parts work equally 3. Why justice is more profitable then injustice: analogy with health (121)...
View Full Document

This note was uploaded on 02/15/2011 for the course PHIL 182 taught by Professor Cdavidschweickart during the Spring '11 term at Loyola Chicago.

Ask a homework question - tutors are online