bio of sex - Biology of Sex Freshman Seminar Syllabus 2011...

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Unformatted text preview: Biology of Sex Freshman Seminar Syllabus 2011 University of Michigan/College of LSA Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology Biology 120: Biology of Sex Winter Term 2011 Sex is recombination plus outcrossing; this mixing of genes is its principal feature…Everything else about it—gender, mate choice, incest avoidance, polygamy, love, jealousy—are ways of doing outcrossing and recombination more effectively or carefully…So sex equals genetic mixing. Sex is a sort of free trade in good genetic inventions and thus greatly increases the chances that they will spread through a species and the species will evolve. Matt Ridley The Red Queen: Sex and the Evolution of Human Nature Sexuality is an integral part of human life. It carries the awesome potential to create new life. It can foster intimacy and bonding as well as shared pleasure in our relationships. It fulfills a number of personal and social needs, and we value the sexual part of our being for the pleasure and benefits it affords us. Yet when exercised irresponsibly it can also have negative aspects such as sexually transmitted diseases—including HIV/AIDS, unintended pregnancy, and coercive or violent behavior. To enjoy the important benefits of sexuality while avoiding negative consequences, some of which may have long‐term or even lifetime implications, it is necessary for individuals to be sexually healthy, to behave responsibly and to have a supportive environments—to protect their own sexual health, as well as that of others. David Satcher, M.D., Ph.D. Surgeon General, 2001 Syllabus William L. Fink Office 1051 Ruthven Office hours: Wednesday 3‐4:30 or by appointment Phone: 734‐764‐9928 Email: [email protected] Biology of Sex Freshman Seminar Syllabus 2011 General information: This class meets: Tuesdays/Thursdays 1:00‐2:30 PM 1518 CCL The class text is: Ridley, Matt. 1993. The Red Queen: Sex and the evolution of human nature. NY: Harper. It is available at bookstores on campus and on amazon.com. Additional readings are in the Reserve Section of the Science Library and others are/will be posted at the class CTools website. Accommodations for Students with Disabilities: If you need an accommodation for a disability, please contact me at your earliest convenience. Resources are available (i.e. services for students with disabilities, adaptive technology computing site, etc.) to make learning more effective for you. To the extent permitted by law, the information will be treated as private and confidential. Religious Observances: Please notify me if religious observances conflict with class attendance or due dates for assignments so that we can make appropriate arrangements. Do this well in advance. Course Requirements: 1. Good attendance and class participation 2. Completion of all assignments 3. Graded: two hourly exams, a final exam, a class presentation 4. Non‐graded: Completion of pre‐course quiz and post‐course quiz In class expectations: It is expected that students will come to class prepared to discuss topics as indicated in the class schedule. Active participation in discussions is expected. Class presentations will be part of the course grade. I expect that the class environment will be conducive to learning and respectful. Respect and consideration for the teacher(s) and your fellow students means: 1. No electronic devices! That means no computers, cell phone, ipods, etc. Turn off cell phones. If your cell phone rings in class you will be asked to leave. Learning to listen and take notes is an important part of a college education and “multi-tasking” has been shown to be detrimental to the learning process. 2. Do not talk with others during lectures or while others are speaking. 3. If you must come to class late, take a seat at the back of the room. 4. Pay attention in class. You may be called upon at any time. 5. Wait until class is actually over before packing up your materials and putting on your coat. Overview of Exams and Quizzes 1/6 Pre‐course Class Quiz (non‐graded) 2/10 Exam 1 3/19 Exam 2 4/19 Post‐course Class Quiz (non‐graded) 4/21 Final Exam Biology of Sex Freshman Seminar Syllabus 2011 Summary of Lectures, Reading Assignments, and Class Tests: These are the topics we will cover in class. Please read the assignments BEFORE coming to class, as they will be the subject of discussion. For the beginning of the term, I have selected some topics and resources for our discussions, but as the semester proceeds, the class will be choosing the topics. I will also bring in resources that appear during the term, such as news items or television show times. Please note that as the term nears the end, there will be student presentations! You will be provided with subject bibliographies to choose a topic, or you can choose one on your own. The class will choose the presentation model we will use (team presentations, posters, etc.). 1. Jan 6 Introduction and non‐graded quiz 2. Jan 11 Basics of scientific method, testability, corroboration, consilience; Correlation vs. causation; demarcation of science vs. non‐science. Who judges scientific work? What is the role of science in society? Assignment: Strong, DeVault, Sayad, & Yarber, Human Sexuality: Diversity in Contemporary America, ch 1, “Perspectives on human sexuality.” Pp 1‐32. CourseTools 3. Jan 13 Scott Martin from library on how to use UM library resources for research. Basics of scientific method, cont. Assignment: Allgeier & Allgeier, Sexual Interactions, ch 1, “Historical and cross‐cultural perspectives on sexuality,” Pp 3‐29. CourseTools. 4. Jan 18 Evolutionary theory, natural selection, sexual selection, adaptation Assignment: Gregory, T.R. “Evolution as Fact, Theory, and Path.” CourseTools. 5. Jan 20 Basics of reproductive biology: DNA, mitosis, meiosis and chromosomes Assignment: Red Queen, pp. 1‐51. 6. Jan 25 Basics of reproductive biology, contd. Assignment: Body image, sexuality, popular culture and the media. CWHN Body image and the media; YouTube‐ Body pressure; Tiggemann_Beyond muscles mens body image. Coursetools. 7. Jan 27 Genetics and inheritance; sex determination mechanisms Assignment: Red Queen, pp. 53‐128; continuation of body image discussion 8. Feb 1 Evolutionary consequences of sex and no sex; genetic recombination, the Red Queen Assignment: Red Queen, pp. 129‐244 9. Feb 3 Natural selection, sexual selection and adaptation Assignment: Red Queen, pp. 245‐306 10. Feb 8 Natural selection, sexual selection and adaptation, contd. Assignment: evaluation of claims regarding mate selection; Currie_mate selection face and body; Singh_female judgment of male attractiveness; Swami_critical test of WH ratio between cultures Biology of Sex Freshman Seminar Syllabus 2011 11. Feb 10 Exam 1 12. Feb 15 Development and ontogeny: fertilization and beyond; Energetics of reproduction, incl. parent‐offspring conflict, sibling competition Assignment: Red Queen, 307‐349 Macker, Human Reproductive Biology, pp. 72‐103. CourseTools Optional: LeVay & Valente, Human Sexuality, ch 3‐4, “Women’s Bodies” and “Men’s Bodies,” pp 54‐114. CourseTools 13. Feb 17 Survey of reproductive diversity, organisms that do and do not have sex. Life history and ecology of non‐sexual organisms, facultative sex, and complex reproductive cycles that include both sex and clonal reproduction Assignment: Class chooses 14. Feb 22 Competition and reproduction: from plumage to sperm 15. Feb 24 Overview of reproductive physiology, endocrine systems and behavior. Reproductive cycles, the changing role of various structures as they are modified by evolution. Focus on mammals Assignment: Class chooses Spring Break Vacation Feb 26‐Mar 7 16. Mar 8 Female and Male sexual anatomy, physiology and sexual response Assignment: Tavener, Taking Sides: Clashing Views in Sexuality, Issue 7, “Should Sex Ed Teach About Abstinence?” Pp 104‐123. Ostro, Virginity Pledges Fail to Trump Teen Lust in Look at Older Data. Rosenbaum, Patient Teenagers. CourseTools. Purity Balls 17. Mar 10 Why we love: neuroscience and the brain: sex, love, jealousy, verbal/nonverbal communication, sexual conflicts. Assignment: Continue discussion from Mar 8 18. Mar 15 Why we love: neuroscience and the brain: sex, love, jealousy, verbal/nonverbal communication, sexual conflicts. Assignment: Class chooses 19 Mar 17 Exam 2 20. Mar 22 Guest lecture on motivations for Safe/Risky Sexual Behavior (Rebecca Thornton, Dept. of Economics, Population Studies Center) Assignment: TBA 21. Mar 24 Gender and gender roles: masculine/feminine, sexual orientation Assignment: Annual Editions/Human Sexuality, Article 18, “Why are we gay?” Pp 59‐67. Others TBA, CourseTools 22. Mar 29 Ambiguous gender, Intersex, transgender, sexual expression—scripts Assignment: Class chooses Biology of Sex Freshman Seminar Syllabus 2011 23. Mar 31 Sexual Dysfunction Assignment: Hyde & DeLameter Understanding Human Sexuality “Sexual Disorders and Sex Therapy”, Ch 17, pgs 433‐457 24. Apr 5 Guest lecture on Health and Sexuality (Meghan Gallagher, School of Social Work) 25. Apr 7 Class Presentations 26. Apr 12 Class Presentations 27. Apr 14 Class Presentations 28. Apr 19 Classes End; Non‐graded quiz and recap of course expectations Final Exam: April 21 4:00 pm ‐ 6:00 pm ...
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