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Ch1_Intro - Introduction to Cognitive Cognitive Psychology...

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Unformatted text preview: Introduction to Cognitive Cognitive Psychology Video Games Make You Smarter Improve Improve Improve perceptual abilities pattern recognition attention • Able to distinguish subtle shades of gray • Better able to identify incoming stimuli • Better able to stay on task; less distractible • Faster to switch from task to task; better therefore at “multi-tasking” 1. 2. Philosophical antecedents Late 19C interest in the science of mind • • Wundt’s lab established in Leipzig, 1879 1879 William James Principles of Psychology, 1890 3. 4. 5. 6. Behaviorist repudiation of the mental Computers and the return of the mind Neuroscience and the advent of cognitive neuroscience Embodied cognition and the extended mind A modern version of Donders’ (1868) reaction-time experiment: (a) the simple reaction-time task; and (b) the choice reaction-time task. observable unobservable observable “mental chronometry”: measure how much time a mental process takes Reaction time: time between presentation of stimulus (S) and onset of behavioral response response (R) Cognitive psychology: infer what is going on on between S and R Links cognition and emotion (e.g., mood) mood) Links cognition and biology (e.g., sleep) Links cognition to the brain (e.g., hippocampus) Read Ch.2 In Coglab, do “Brain Asymmetry” experiment experiment (chimeric faces) ...
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