Ch4_Attention - Exam 1 45 multiple choice questions, equal...

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Exam 1 45 multiple choice questions, equal number from each chapter 1 short answer (5-8 sentences), choose from among 3 questions. Possible topics: 1. Change blindness 2. Aphasias 3. Methods for studying the brains of intact humans 4. Donders/Ebbinghaus ecognition by components 5. Recognition by components 6. Differences among models of selective attention
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hapter 4 Chapter 4 Attention
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Outline 1. What is attention? 2. Auditory attention 1. Dichotic listening task, shadowing 2. Results obtained 3. Models of auditory attention (selective attention) 1. Early filter model (Broadbent) 2. Attentuation model (Treisman) 3. Late filter model (McKay and others) 4. Automaticity and attention 1. Stroop task 2. Cognitive resources and divided attention 3. Driving 5. Visual attention 1. Inattentional blindness ttentional link 2. Attentional blink 3. Change blindness 4. Overt attention: eye movements and attention
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Attention bility to focus on specific stimuli or locations, Ability to focus on specific stimuli or locations, or on certain thoughts or activities Attention is selective : excluding of other features of the environment Attention is limited : in capacity and duration Attention is both overt and covert : we often move our eyes towards object to attend to it, but we can also shift attention without looking directly at stimulus. --texting versus talking on phone
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Auditory Attention
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Word cloud created from Tuesday’s SOTU NPR listeners asked to describe speech in 3 ords words
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Dichotic Listening In the shadowing procedure, a person repeats out loud words as he or she hears them.
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esults of Dichotic Listening Results of Dichotic Listening articipants could not report the content of Participants could not report the content of the message in unattended ear – Knew that there was a message – Knew the gender of the speaker But the unattended ear was being interpreted at some level – Cocktail party effect – Change in gender is noticed – Change to a tone is noticed
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odels of Selective Attention Models of Selective Attention here does the attention filter occur? Where does the attention filter occur? – Early in processing – Later in processing Early selection model – Broadbent’s filter model Intermediate (“early-ish”) selection model – Treisman’s attenuation theory Late selection model – e.g. McKay (1973)
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Ch4_Attention - Exam 1 45 multiple choice questions, equal...

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