Schmidt Lecture 14 [031610]

Schmidt Lecture 14 [031610] - HealthPsychology465...

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Health Psychology 465 Lecturer: Sara C. Schmidt Chapter Seven: Moderators of the Stress  Experience
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Definition of Moderators  of Stress Moderators of STRESS act to modify  the stress experience and the effect if  has on physical and psychological well  being. Individual differences are key!!!  How  we perceive and respond to stress can  have a positive or negative impact on  psychology and physical well-being.
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Moderators May Impact: The stress itself. The relationship between stress and  illness. The relationship between stress and  psychological  responses.
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Coping with Stress: Review of appraisal The impact of stress depends on how  the person appraises it  Primary  appraisal: How significant is  this event? Positive, negative, neutral Secondary  appraisal: Do I have the  resources to cope with this event?
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Coping with Stress: What is coping? The process of managing demands that  are appraised as taxing/exceeding the  person’s resources.  These efforts are action-oriented and  intra-psychic.  Coping is dynamic:  a set of responses,  not a one time action. Coping encompasses many actions and  reactions to stressful circumstances.
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Coping with Stress: Personality and Coping  Negative Affectivity:  a pervasive  negative mood marked by anxiety,  depression and hostility Related to poor health “Disease-prone” personality Can affect adjustment to treatment More likely to give the false impression of  poor health
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Coping with Stress: Personality and Coping Pessimistic Explanatory Style Negative life events are explained as internal,  stable,  global qualities E.g. “I’ll always be this way, never any good” Those with pessimistic explanatory styles  may have reduced cell-mediated immunity. 
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Coping with Stress: Personality and Coping Dispositional Optimism:  General expectations that outcomes will be  positive Associated with less stress and depression More likely to seek out social support and  positively reinterpret the stressful   Predicts better physical functioning
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Coping with Stress: Personality and Coping Psychological Control The belief that one can determine one’s own  behavior, influence one’s environment, and/or  bring about desired outcomes.  Perceived control—more related to self-efficacy Those with feelings of control Less likely to adopt health-compromising  lifestyle behaviors More likely to cope successfully with stress
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Coping with Stress: Additional Coping Resources High Self Esteem – a more robust 
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Schmidt Lecture 14 [031610] - HealthPsychology465...

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