N504 class_spring 2011

N504 class_spring 2011 - EmergencyPreparedness101...

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Emergency Preparedness 101 NUR 504 - Emergency  Preparedness:  Implications for  Healthcare Professionals   February  1, 2011 Jane Richter, Dr.PH, MSN, MA, RN, CHES USC Center for Public Health Preparedness
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Objectives federal, state and local response agencies Discuss the SC Emergency Health  Powers Act Describe Home Rule Describe how South Carolina is organized  to respond to an emergency 2
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Objectives Describe the significance of the National  Incident Management System Discuss the Incident Command System Describe principles of decontamination Describe nursing roles in emergency  preparedness 3
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We the People… The Constitution is our highest authority. In a federal system, legal authority is  spread among several jurisdictions: The nation as a whole The states 4
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10th Amendment “The powers not delegated to the US by  the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the  States, are reserved to the States  respectively, or to the people.” The Federal Government makes treaties,  provides for defense and resolves conflicts  between states, among other things. 5
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When dealing with matters within their  boundaries and limited to intrastate activities,  each state is sovereign. State sovereignty is not absolute. Most public health issues under normal  conditions are dealt with by state and local law.  Now more mobile and more connected globally  so our problems are shifting locality. Legal authorities are more complex. 6
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New powers are needed to cope with new  threats: Pandemic influenza A new gene that can turn many types of  bacteria into superbugs resistant to nearly all  antibiotics Multidrug-resistant TB Terrorism Economic meltdowns Cyber threats 7
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Local Emergencies Responsibility for response falls to states  unless President declares a “national  emergency.” Even then, much of the activities fall to the  states and locals to handle with the  assistance of the federal government. 8
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Emergency Health Powers Act CDC commissioned a model act after  9/11. Structured to incorporate 5 basic public  health functions into the law Preparedness Surveillance Management of property Protection of persons 9
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Governor’s Declaration Must be in the face of a public health  emergency the threat must pose a high probability of  large number of deaths or serious disabilities 10
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South Carolina  Emergency Health Powers Act Is based on the Model  “Emergency Health  Powers Act”  (EHPA). Purpose: To assure that the state has the 
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This note was uploaded on 02/16/2011 for the course NURS 504 taught by Professor Culley during the Spring '11 term at South Carolina.

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N504 class_spring 2011 - EmergencyPreparedness101...

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