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Qualitative Research Notes

Qualitative Research Notes - Introduction to the...

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Introduction to the Qualitative Research Process Description of Qualitative Research A systematic, subjective approach used to describe life experiences and give them meaning Use of Qualitative Research Useful in understanding such human experiences as pain, caring, powerlessness, and comfort Logic of Qualitative Research Focuses on understanding the whole Is consistent with holistic philosophy of nursing Provides means of exploring depth, richness, and complexity inherent in phenomena Do Qualitative Studies Contribute to Evidence-Based Practice? There are limited criteria for judging the quality of qualitative studies Trustworthiness and credibility are important Worldview Approach to Reality There is not a single reality Reality is based on perception and is different for each person A person’s perception of reality changes over time and with the context Reasoning Process in Qualitative Research Involves perceptually putting pieces together to make wholes From this process, meaning is produced Because perception varies with the individual, including researchers, many meanings are possible Aim – achieve broader picture Frameworks for Qualitative Studies The goal of qualitative research is not hypothesis testing Frameworks are used in a different sense in qualitative research Each type of qualitative research is guided by a particular philosophical stance Descriptive Interpretive
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Data from Qualitative Studies Are subjective Incorporate perceptions and beliefs of researcher and participants Give insights that can be applied more broadly Guide nursing practice Aid in theory development for nursing knowledge Approaches to Qualitative Research Phenomenological Grounded theory Ethnographic Phenomenology Is both a philosophy and a research method Purpose is to describe and capture the “lived experience” of study participants Phenomenological Philosophy The person is integral with environment The world is shaped by and shapes the self Reality is subjective, thus an experience is unique to the individual
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