research ethics

research ethics - Ethical Context of Nursing Research...

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Ethical Context of Nursing Research
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Historical Background Tuskegee Syphilis Study--1932-1972 sponsored by US Public Health Service investigated effects of syphilis among 400 men from a poor black community medical treatment was deliberately withheld to study course of the disease
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Historical Background Jewish Chronic Disease Hospital--live cancer cells were injected into elderly patients
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Ethical Dilemmas in Conducting Research
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Codes of Ethics Nuremberg Code developed after the Nazi atrocities became public Declaration of Helsinki--1964-adopted by the World Medical Assembly Most disciplines have established their own code of ethics
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Codes of Ethics Belmont Report adopted by National Commission for the Protection of Human Subjects of Biomedical and Behavioral Research (1978) Commission established the National Research Act & their report issued in 1978 serves as basis for regulations affecting research sponsored by federal goverment
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Codes of Ethics Belmont Report articulated 3 primary principles on which standards of ethical conduct in research are based Beneficence respect for human dignity justice
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Principle of Beneficence Freedom from harm exposing participants to experiences that result in serious or permanent harm is unacceptable researcher must be prepared to terminate the study if there is reason to suspect that continuation would result in harm, disability, duress, or death
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Principle of Beneficence Freedom from Exploitation participation should not place subjects at a disadvantage or expose them to situations for which they have not been prepared participants need assurance that the information that they provide will not be used against them in any way
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Principle of Beneficence Benefits from Research Risk/Benefit Ratio Minimal risk according to federal guidelines are risks that are no greater than those ordinarily encountered in daily life or during the performance of routine physical or psychological tests or procedures
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Principle of Respect for Human Dignity Right to self-determination participants have the right to to decide
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This note was uploaded on 02/16/2011 for the course NURS 400 taught by Professor Boyd during the Spring '11 term at South Carolina.

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research ethics - Ethical Context of Nursing Research...

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