Chapter Five - Community Organizing Building and Health...

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Community Organizing/ Building and Health Promotion Programming Chapter 5
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Introduction Epidemiology important to community health Two other skills for community health workers Community organizing/building Health promotion programming
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Community Organizing Defined “A process through which communities are helped to identify common problems or goals, mobilize resources, and in other ways develop and implement strategies for reaching their goals they have collectively set” (Minkler & Wallerstein, 2005)
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Related Definitions - 1 Community capacity– Community characteristics affecting its ability to identify, mobilize, & address problems (Goodman et al., 1999) Empowered community– “One in which individuals and organizations apply their skills and resources in collective efforts to meet their respective needs” (Israel et al., 1994)
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Related Definitions - 2 Participation & relevance– “Community organizing that starts where the people are and engages community members as equals” (Minkler & Wallerstein, 2005) Social capital– “relationships and structures within a community that promote cooperation for mutual benefit” (Minkler & Wallerstein, 2005)
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Need for Organizing Communities Advances have moved us to the need to organize Electronics (e.g., digital TV) Communications (e.g., multi-function cell phones) Household upgrades (e.g., energy efficiency) Increased mobility (e.g., frequency of moving) Lack of interaction with neighbors Size of communities
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Assumptions of Community Organization 1. Communities of people can develop the capacity to deal with their own problems 2. People want to change and can change 3. People should participate in making, adjusting, or controlling the major changes taking place within their communities 4. Changes in community living that are self- imposed or self-developed have a meaning and permanence that imposed changes do not have
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