Chapter Seven - Maternal, Infant, and Child Health Chapter...

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Chapter 7 Maternal, Infant, and Child Health
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Maternal, Infant, and Child (MIC) Health The health of women of childbearing age from pre-pregnancy through pregnancy, labor, and delivery, the postpartum period and the health of the child prior to birth through adolescence
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Precursors to High Rates of MIC Morbidity and Mortality Unintended pregnancies Lack of prenatal care Poor maternal and child nutrition Maternal drug use Low immunization rates Poverty Limited education Insufficient child care Lack of health care services in the community
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Many precursors/risk factors can be reduced or prevented with early intervention or educational programs or preventive medical services for women, infants, and children. MIC health statistics are regarded as important indicators of the effectiveness of the disease prevention and health promotion services in a community. © Jose Luis Pelaez, Inc./Blend Images/age fotostock
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Early community efforts provide a positive environment that supports the physical and emotional needs of the woman, infant, and family. Successful efforts reduce the need for more costly medical or social assistance to these same members of society later in their lives.
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Community Health Programs Have significantly reduced many of the precursors/risk factors related to MIC health over the past couple of decades Challenges still remain as evident by disparities among various race and ethnic groups
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Community Health Programs © Centers for Disease Control and Prevention U.S Mortality Rates Among Infants Less than One Year
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Community Health Programs African American Women and White Women Who Died of Pregnancy Complications, U.S 1973-2000 © Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
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Community Health Programs Death rates among children ages 1-4 by race and Hispanic origin © Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
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Community Health Programs © Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Death rates among children ages 5-14 by race & Hispanic Origin
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Family and Reproductive Health The family is one of society’s most treasured foundations. Families represent a primary social group that influences and is influenced by other people and establishments. Families are the primary unit in which infants and children are nurtured and supported regarding their healthy development. © Liquid Library
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Family Definitions “A group of two people or more (one of whom is the householder) related by birth, marriage, or adoption and residing together; all such people (including subfamily members) are considered as members of one family.” – U.S. Census Bureau “Two or more persons who are joined together by
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This note was uploaded on 02/16/2011 for the course NURS 231 taught by Professor Hickey during the Spring '10 term at South Carolina.

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Chapter Seven - Maternal, Infant, and Child Health Chapter...

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