Chapter Twelve

Chapter Twelve - Alcohol, Tobacco, and Other Drugs: A...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–12. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: Alcohol, Tobacco, and Other Drugs: A Community Concern Chapter 12 Introduction Use, misuse & abuse of mind-altering substances predates recorded history Reasons for drug use Experimental or social Temporary departure from natural non-drug state Misguided attempt to self-medicate Cope with personal problems Drug dependent Most cultures see abusive behavior as destructive Scope of Current Drug Problem in the U.S. - 1 #1 community health problem in U.S. Substance abuse $414 $487 billion annual economic loss Drug Estimated Deaths Costs (billions) Alcohol 100,000 $220 Tobacco 430,000 $157 Illicit drugs 16,000 $110 Total 546,000 $487 Violence Associated with the Use of Alcohol and Other Drugs National Clearinghouse for Alcohol and Drug Information (1995). Making the [Fact sheets]. Rockville, MD: Author. Scope of Current Drug Problem in the U.S. - 3 From Monitoring the Future surveys Use up from 15 years ago Marijuana use: 19.8% of H.S. seniors in 2005, compared to 22.4% in 2001, & 11.9% in 1992 Illicit drug use: 10.3% of H.S. seniors in 2005, compared to 11% in 2001, & 6.3% in 1992 Personal & community consequences Key Definitions - 1 Drug: Substance, other than food or vitamins that, when taken in small quantities, alters ones physical, mental, or emotional state Psychoactive drugs: those drugs that alter sensory perceptions, mood, thought processes, or behavior Drug misuse: i nappropriate use of prescription or nonprescription drugs Key Definitions - 2 Drug abuse: Taking of a drug for a non-medically approved purpose Continued use of a legal drug with the knowledge that it is hazardous to ones health (e.g., cigarette smoking) The use of alcohol & nicotine by those who are under age Drug dependence: when one believes that a particular drug is necessary for normal functioning Factors That Contribute to Substance Abuse Risk factors: those that increase the probability of drug use Protective risk factors: those that decrease the probability of drug use Risk & protective factors can be either genetic (inherited) or environmental Inherited: Inherited alcoholism Type I & II Environmental risk factors: personal, home & family, school & peer group factors, sociocultural aspects of ones environment Types of Drugs Legal (licit): Alcohol, nicotine, nonprescription drugs, & prescription drugs Illegal (illicit): Stimulants, depressants, narcotics, hallucinogens, marijuana, & other drugs Types of Legal Drugs Abused - 1 Alcohol: # 1 drug problem in America as measured by injury, deaths, & economic costs Binge drinking > 5 on a single occasion for males & > 4 for females 26% of underage drinkers abuse or are dependent 75% of H.S. seniors have used alcohol Types of Legal Drugs Abused - 2 Alcohol (continued): Problem drinkers: those who experience personal,...
View Full Document

This note was uploaded on 02/16/2011 for the course NURS 231 taught by Professor Hickey during the Spring '10 term at South Carolina.

Page1 / 34

Chapter Twelve - Alcohol, Tobacco, and Other Drugs: A...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 12. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online