Respiratory Assessment

Respiratory - Respiratory Assessment Click to edit Master subtitle style Ellen S Adkins RN BSN FNP/DNP student University of South Carolina Anatomy

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Click to edit Master subtitle style 2/17/11 Respiratory Assessment Ellen S. Adkins, RN, BSN FNP/DNP student University of South Carolina
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2/17/11 Anatomy and Physiology Review
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2/17/11 Anatomy and Physiology Review Functional Unit of the Respiratory System
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Interactions with other body systems Body System Integum ent Protection, color reflects oxygenation CV Transports oxygen and carbon dioxide between lungs and peripheral tissue; BP regulation (renin – angiotension system); chemoreceptors respond to levels of O2, CO2 & hydrogen ion concentrations GI Provides nutrients and abdominal muscles provide support to respirations GU Eliminate waste and maintain acid-base balance
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2/17/11 Age Considerations Infants l Rate is higher l Abdominal breathers l Rhythm is irregular with periods of apnea Pregnancy l 20 % increase in O2 demand l 3rd trimester diaphragm rises and costal angle widens
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2/17/11 Cultural and Ethnic Variation Chest size l Chinese Americans – smaller than Caucasian or AA Incidence of respiratory problems among certain ethnic groups related to environmental exposure and not genetics l Appalachians – black lung, emphysema and TB
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2/17/11 Anatomical Landmarks
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2/17/11 Respiratory Cycle Respiratory Cycle - The respiratory cycle consists of one inspiration followed by one expiration . The volume of air that enters or leaves during a single respiratory cycle is called the tidal volume. Inspiration - the act of drawing air into the lungs. The major muscle of inspiration is the diaphragm, the contraction of which creates a reduced pressure in the chest, causing the lungs to expand and air to
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This note was uploaded on 02/16/2011 for the course NURS 311 taught by Professor Synovec during the Fall '10 term at South Carolina.

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Respiratory - Respiratory Assessment Click to edit Master subtitle style Ellen S Adkins RN BSN FNP/DNP student University of South Carolina Anatomy

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