Nursing 313 Cognitive Impairment, Emotional Health

Nursing 313 Cognitive Impairment, Emotional Health -...

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Cognition and Cognitive  Impairment emotional Health in Late Life
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Adult Cognition  Cognition is the process of acquiring, storing, sharing and using information Adult cognition includes: attention span, concentration, intelligence, judgment, learning ability, memory, orientation, perception, problem solving, psychomotor ability, reaction time and social intactness In models of adult cognition, cognitive development of the elderly is often measured against the norms of young or middle-age people Cognitive functions may remain stable or decline with increasing age
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Adult Cognition  Cognitive functions remaining stable are: attention span, language skills, communication skills, comprehension of discourse, and visual perception Cognitive skills that decline are: verbal fluency, logical analysis, selective attention, object naming, and complex visuospatial skills Neuronal dendrites atrophy with aging resulting in impairment of the synapses and changes in transmission of chemical neurotransmitters-causes slowness of many neuronal processes but overall cognitive ability remains intact
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Aging Brain Neuronal dendrites atrophy with aging resulting in impairment of the synapses and changes in transmission of chemical neurotransmitters-causes slowness of many neuronal processes but overall cognitive ability remains intact Recent research shows axon regeneration and reactive synaptogenesis Plasticity or regeneration of lost brain circuits can occur with training, even in the very old Use it or lose it is true
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Aging Brain Memory retrieval: recall of newly encountered information decreases with age; memory declines noted for complex tasks and strategies Age associated memory impairment-memory loss that is considered normal in light of the person’s age and educational level Mild cognitive impairment-individual has greater levels of memory impairment than other individuals of the same age with other aspects of cognitive functioning remaining intact
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Learning in Late Life Basic intelligence remains unchanged with increasing years Barriers to learning Memory impairment Vision, hearing impairment Cultural, cohort variations Education levels Low literacy skills
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Cognitive Impairment Cognitive assessment
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Nursing 313 Cognitive Impairment, Emotional Health -...

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