Nursing 313 self-actualization, loss, death and dying

Nursing 313 self-actualization, loss, death and dying -...

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Psychosocial Issues Part 2 Self-Actualization, Spirituality and Transcendence Loss, Death and Dying in Later Life Legal Issues Related to End of Life
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Self-Actualization Self-actualization is the highest level of human functioning defined by Maslow Characteristics of self-actualized person include courage, altruism, humor, high morale, and continuous moral development Spirituality embodies religion, faith, and beliefs that sustain people through the trials of living Transcendence is a high-level emotional response to religious and spiritual life inspired by the desire to go beyond the self as delineated by the material and concrete aspects of life
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Self-Actualization The corner stone of self-actualization is defining life in a manner that will permit continual discovery of self The characteristics of courage, altruism, humor, continuous moral development, self-renewal and travel are examples of striving for self-actualization Self-renewal is an ongoing process and involves the following: commitment to beliefs, connecting to the world, times of solitude, episodic breaks from responsibility, contact with natural world, creative self-expression, adaptation to changes, and learning from down times Learning and growing in later life has increased significantly since age is no longer a barrier to education
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Self-Actualization Travel is the route many elders take to achieve knowledge Elderhostel program offers education programs with low-cost room and board for adults over the age of 55 Elderhostel is an adult education program originally based on youth hostel concept, offers opportunities for service as well as learning See box 27-2 for considerations for travel and box 27-3 for travel tips for elders
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Self-Actualization Learning and growing in late life is available in may formal and informal modes e.g. self-teaching, college attendance, participation in seminars and conferences, public television programs, videotapes, and courses via telecommunications Education for elders with special needs: Homebound elderly: public television, teleconferencing, internet, radio Reading for self-development: reading is an ageless activity (Bond & Miller, 1987) and find that institutionalized elders often prefer individual, passive involvement in reading to group activities
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Collective Actualization Older people are a powerful political group Politicians wishing to remain in office must gently manipulate programs such as Social Security and Medicare Older voters are often more concerned about candidate’s character and experience than about party affiliation
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Creativity  Creativity is a bridge between the growing self and the transcending self. Creativity may triumph over the debilitation of the
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This note was uploaded on 02/16/2011 for the course NURS 313 taught by Professor Astle during the Fall '10 term at South Carolina.

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Nursing 313 self-actualization, loss, death and dying -...

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