Nursing 313-Health and Wellness

Nursing 313-Health and Wellness - Health and Wellness...

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Health and Wellness Nutritional Needs
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Health Society has come to the realization that the present health care system does not meet the needs of older adults. Recently older adults have been considering their health in a proactive manner Goals of healthy People 2000/2010 Increasing quality and years of healthy years Eliminating health disparities
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Healthy People 2010 Leading Health Indicators Physical activity Overweight and obesity Tobacco use Substance abuse Responsible sexual behavior Mental health Injury and violence Environmental quality Immunization Access to health care
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Health In medicine health is the absence of disease. Conformity to physical and mental capacity norms indicates one’s health status Health in a holistic context is defined as an integrated method of functioning that is oriented toward maximizing the potential of which the individual is capable within the environment where he/she is functioning. Without a component of wellness, the definition of health is limited to one’s physical being. Wellness is attainable with an aging, chronically ill, or even dying client.
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Healthy Aging Key strategies for improving health of older people: Healthy lifestyle behaviors Injury prevention Delivery of culturally appropriate clinical preventive services Immunization and preventive screening Self-management techniques for chronic diseases
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6 Healthy aging (Developed by Patricia Hess.)
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7 Causes of death among U.S. adults ages 65 years and older (Redrawn from Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics. National Vital Statistics Report, 2002. )
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8 Prevalence of selected chronic conditions among adults ages 65 years and older, 2000-2001. A respondent was considered to have “arthritic symptoms” if he or she answered “yes” to the following questions: “During the past 12 months, have you had pain, aching, stiffness, or swelling in or around a joint?” and “Were these symptoms present on most days for at least 1 month?” (Redrawn from Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics. National Health Interview Survey, 2000-2001. )
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Health Continuum Medical interpretation of health continuum: if individual is in good health and is well, disease or impairment is absent. When one uses wellness or holistic approach one regards health and wellness continuum from a more positive direction and the role of the individual is more active. Health and wellness approach is better suited for care of elderly patients because this approach regards health and wellness from a more positive viewpoint and emphasizes the potential for wellness for all ages.
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10 Growth potential: crisis as a challenge
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Dimensions of Wellness One of the dimensions of wellness is self- responsibility or self-efficacy.
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