Nursing 411-Cognitive Disorders

Nursing 411-Cognitive Disorders - COGNITIVE DISORDERS...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–11. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
COGNITIVE DISORDERS
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Introduction Growing old is not popular in the youth oriented American culture Sixty-six million “baby boomers” will reach their 65 th birthdays by the year 2030 placing more emphasis on the needs of an aging population Average life expectancy for a child born in the U.S. today is 74.8 years for men and 80.1 for women Myths and stereotypes affect the way in which elderly people are treated in our culture Whether one is considered “old” must be self-determined, based on variables such as attitude, mental health, physical health, and degree of independence
Background image of page 2
Demographics of Aging Currently make up about 13% of population (20% by 2030) 3-5% currently reside in nursing homes at any given time In 2003 74.4% of men and 43.4% of women 65 years or older were married There are over three times as many widows as widowers Majority of elderly live alone, with a spouse or with relatives
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Demographics of Aging Number of days in which usual activities are restricted because of illness or injury increases with age Emotional and mental illnesses also increase over the life span Elderly have more chronic illnesses Elderly have more chronic conditions than younger persons 20% of all suicides are committed by elderly
Background image of page 4
Characteristics of Normal Aging Universal Common and natural process Not due to anything modifiable in the environment Progressive
Background image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
The Normal Aging Process Changes are observed in all body systems Decrease functional capacity in all organ systems Deterioration of more specialized non-dividing cells Less lean muscle mass Fat redistribution occurs Decline in all five senses Ability to hear high pitch sounds more difficult
Background image of page 6
The Normal Aging Process Visual acuity declines Ability to accommodate to light/dark declines Explicit memory declines Working memory does not decline Attention span diminishes Vigilance and selective attention less acute- need more time to learn Increased reaction time and decreased speed of performance
Background image of page 7

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
The Normal Aging Process Normal forgetfulness product of decrease in reserve capacity of brain Called benign senescent forgetfulness or age-associated memory impairment AAMI does not effect executive function Personality Some traits intensify with age Locus of control remains stable Adaptation to the tasks of aging such as loss and grief, attachment to others (social network), maintenance of self-identity, dealing with death
Background image of page 8
The Normal Aging Process Elderly people in virtually all cultures share some basic needs and interests In some cultures, the aged are the most powerful, the most engaged, and the most respected members of society. Not case here Sexuality and intimacy Cultural stereotypes play a large part in the misconception many people hold regarding sexuality of older adults Frequency declines with age Sexual behaviors and beliefs remain stable Men more active than women
Background image of page 9

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Special Concerns of Elderly Retirement Long-term care Elder abuse Suicide
Background image of page 10
Image of page 11
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 43

Nursing 411-Cognitive Disorders - COGNITIVE DISORDERS...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 11. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online