Nursing 411-Therapeutic Modalities

Nursing 411-Therapeutic Modalities - Therapeutic Modalities...

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Therapeutic Modalities Therapeutic Groups Milieu Therapy Family Therapy Relaxation Therapy Assertiveness Training Promoting Self- Esteem Anger/Aggression Management Behavior Therapy Cognitive Therapy Items of Interest
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Introduction-Groups Health care professionals not only share their personal lives with groups of people but also encounter multiple group situations in their professional operations. Clients learn from each other in a group setting. A collection of individuals whose association is founded on shared commonalities of interest, values, norms, or purpose.
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Functions of a Group Socialization . The teaching of social norms occurs through groups. Support . Fellow members are available in time of need. Task completion. Groups can assist in endeavors that are beyond the capacity of one individual alone. Camaraderie . Individuals receive joy and pleasure from interactions with significant others.
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Functions of a Group Informational. Learning takes place when group members share their knowledge with the others in the group. Normative. Different groups enforce established norms in various ways. Empowerment . Change can be made by groups at times when individuals alone are ineffective. Governance. Large organizations often have leadership that is provided by groups rather than by a single individual.
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Types of Groups Task groups. This is a group formed to accomplish a specific outcome. Teaching groups . The focus is to convey knowledge and information to a number of individuals. Supportive/therapeutic groups . The primary concern is to prevent possible future upsets by teaching the participants effective ways of dealing with emotional stress arising from situational or developmental crises.
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Types of Groups Therapeutic groups vs. group therapy Group therapy has a sound theoretical base, and leaders generally have advanced degrees in psychology, social work, nursing, or medicine. Therapeutic groups are based to a lesser extent on theory. Focus is on group relations, interactions between group members, and the consideration of a selected issue. Leaders of both types of groups must be knowledgeable about group process (the way in which group members interact with each other) as well as group content (the topic or issue being discussed in the group).
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Types of Groups Self-help groups Composed of individuals with a similar problem Serve to reduce the possibilities of further emotional distress leading to pathology and necessary treatment May or may not have a professional leader. Run by members, and leadership often rotates from member to member
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Physical Conditions that Influence Group Dynamics Seating. Best when there is no barrier between the members; for example, a circle of chairs is better than chairs set around a table Size. Size of the group makes a difference in the interaction among members; 7 or 8 members provide a favorable climate for optimal group interaction and relationship development Membership . Two types of groups exist: Open-ended groups
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This note was uploaded on 02/17/2011 for the course NURS 411 taught by Professor Astle during the Spring '11 term at South Carolina.

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Nursing 411-Therapeutic Modalities - Therapeutic Modalities...

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