G uatemala - People of Guatemalan Heritage Overview,...

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People of Guatemalan Heritage
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Overview, Inhabited Localities, Topography
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Macro Aspects of Model Global society Mayan ruins Native peoples Colonial Volcanos Civil war
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Macro Aspects of Model Community – not all Hispanic communities the same Family Person Health
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Heritage and Residence “Eternal Spring” Central American country, access to two oceans, mountainous, 12.3 million, same size as Tennessee Borders Mexico, Belize, Honduras, El Salvador
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Heritage and Residence 3 main regions Cool highlands Tropica jungle in northern lowlands (Peten) Population 59.4% mestizo -8.6% other Mayan 9.1% K’iche -0.2% non-mayan 8.4% Kaqchikel -0.1% other 7.9% Mam 6.3 Q’eqchi
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Heritage and Residence Coastal area fertile Highlands most densely populated c capital of 1.1 million Heritage of Mayan culture (3000 yrs) Architecture, weaving, pottery, hieroglyphics Most live in small villages Spaniards conquered in 1400s, Catholicism
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Migration and Economics Guatemalan civil wars, 1960s – 1980s, peace accord in 1996 Political refugees, esp indigenous peoples Impoverished, 56% < poverty line Internal migration for farm workers, mostly men Relocation to Guatemala City mostly women
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Migration and Economics Out migration, mostly to US 700,000 in US, 150,000 are undocumented 85% US farm workers Hispanic, < $10,000/yr Send $ back
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Educational Status and Occupations - Informal prior to Spanish conquest, oral tradition - Spanish established educational system, including university - Grads mostly Ladinos, i.e. mestizos - Indigenous do not send girls to schools
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Educational Status and Occupations - Farming dominant occupation, often subsistence - Leave school at age 12 to enter work force
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Communication
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Dominant Language & Dialects Spanish, spoken by 60% Amerindian languages – 40% (23 languages) Men may be bilingual in Mayan & Spanish Guatemalan blacks speak Spanish
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Communication Contextual use of the language Touch and spatial distance Eye contact and greetings
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Temporal Relationships Present oriented, value past. lack of preventive care Uncertainties re: meeting of basic needs Work until death Seek health care only when to ill to work Poverty = no clocks or watches, time re: natural phenomena Punctuality not stressed
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Format for Names Spanish format for names First, father’s surname, mother’s surname For women, then add “de husband’s surname” Formal address, handshake Avoid eye contact out of respect Soft speaking in public
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Family Roles and Organization
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Head of Household and Gender Roles Traditional roles, father = head of Women – raise children, care for home Value family & extended family,
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G uatemala - People of Guatemalan Heritage Overview,...

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