Haiti - People of Haitian Heritage Overview Inhabited...

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Unformatted text preview: People of Haitian Heritage Overview, Inhabited Localities, Topography Macro Aspects of Model • Global society – Poverty – Political, social violence – Death squads – Voodoo Macro Aspects of Model • Community • Family • Person • Health • Encountered by Columbus, 1492 • First independent Caribbean nation • 1/3 island of Hispaniola, 2 nd largest island in Caribbean, 9 departments, size of Maryland • New government in 2006, all new municipal officials, new deputies, senator, presidency • ~ 9 million • Life expectancy – 55 years Overview Overview • Largest population in capital of Port-au- Prince, (2 million, 21%). 64% rural, 15% other urban areas • 40% under age 15, 5% over 65 • In-migration to urban areas, out- migration to Dominican Republic & other countries • 2/3 s formal jobs • Rugged mountains c small coastal plains, river valleys, eastern elevated Overview • Many is US undocumented, 1.5 million, esp NYC, Boston, Chicago, California, Florida • Very diverse, urban, rural, varied SES Heritage and Residence • Arawak & Caribe Indians c much intermarriage • Europeans, dominantly French, 1697 • Africans – as slaves, 500,000 in 1791 • Sharp class stratifications, color consciousness, lighter the better > European features Heritage and Residence • Slave revolt in 1791 independence from France in 1804 • Deposed French land owners, ruled by military generals, frequent unsuccessful peasant rebellions • Proud of black heritage & government • Mullato upper class, creole mostly black • Growing middle class Migration and Economics • Emigration more common among upper class • Education • Occupied by US in 1920m many migrated to Harlem • 1950s poor agriculture urban, slums • Political asylum • Undocumented, boat people Migration and Economics • Most businesses government owned • Informal economy prosperous Educational Status and Occupations Modeled on French system In accord with Roman Catholic Church Shifted education to Catholic missionaries Emphasized French language Elite European vs impoverished African Value but only 15% get formal ed Educational Status and Occupations Free primary, secondary, emphasizes arts & humanities & not technical/ vocational If $, go to private schools Get certificate after rigorous test, diploma after more testing Announces on radio Need influence to get into universities Lieracy – 52.8% Educational Status and Occupations • In Us, women work in hospitals, hotes, service industries, nursing assistants, • Men work as laborers, factory helpe rs Communication Dominant Language & Dialects • Two official languages: French, educated, elite (15%), Creole (100%) • Creole c oral tradition Cultural Communication Patterns • Oral tradition • Expressive c emotions • Loud animated speech, much touch • Affectionate, polite, shy • Hide lack of knowledge c smiling, nodding • Use professional translators • Close personal space among intimates Cultural Communication...
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This note was uploaded on 02/17/2011 for the course NURS 226 taught by Professor Fuller during the Spring '09 term at South Carolina.

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Haiti - People of Haitian Heritage Overview Inhabited...

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