Bubonic+plagueW11to+post-2

Bubonic+plagueW11to+post-2 - Lecture 6, January 25 Bubonic...

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Lecture 6, January 25 Bubonic Plague History Effects of losing half of the population What we know today Announcements Exam in two days! Read ctools announcement about room assignment Discussion is optional review.
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Bubonic Plague Three European Visits 1. The plague of Justinian 2. The Black Death 3. The Third Pandemic (the plague that almost was)
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1. The Plague of Justinian Well documented in 540’s Huge losses in population Estimated that Constantinople lost 40% of it’s population Periodic smaller outbreaks End of the Roman Empire
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2. The Black Death 1346-1352
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Conditions at the Time Feudal System Recession Famine Not much money Cities more populous than rural areas
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Reservoir Endemic in Mongolian marmots Records of outbreaks in China (1330s) Reached kaffa (theodosia) Crimea by 1346 Entered Europe via Messina Italy
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Mongol Siege of Kaffa in the Crimea (1346) Kaffa was Genoese colony (Italian) Plague reached the Mongol armies Threw bodies into the city to spread disease before abandoning the siege Europeans inside fled the city by ship back to Mediterranean ports
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Spread over trade routes Early 1348--Genoa and Venice mid 1348--France, Spain, England 1348-1350--Germany and Scandinavia 1351--Russia Some parts of Europe spared (Netherlands, Poland)
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Sporadic Returns Returns every generation or so until about 1700 Italy, France, Turkey in the 1400s Belgium in 1502 Austria in 1542 London 1665
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Numerical Effects of Plague First wave killed at least one third of Europe Later waves probably killed almost another third Result was loss of about 50% in population
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Death-cont. Densely populated areas worse off
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Bubonic+plagueW11to+post-2 - Lecture 6, January 25 Bubonic...

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