Family Change Ch 15 09 for BB

Family Change Ch 15 09 for BB - Family Change: Stress,...

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Family Change: Stress, Crisis, and Transition Ch 15
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Topical Overview Family Stress (types of stress) Family Crisis Models of Stress and Coping Family Violence
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FAMILY STRESS A state of tension that arises when demands test, or tax, a family’s capabilities. . Eustress vs Distress New job Moving to new neighborhood Unexpected baby Financial problems Calls for family adjustment
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Family Crisis “ a situation in which the usual behavior patterns are ineffective and new ones are called for immediately” National Agricultural Safety Database n.d., p.1; Patterson 2002b Encompasses 3 interrelated areas: 1. Crises necessarily involve change 2. A crisis is a turning point with the potential for positive effects, negative effects, or both. 3. A crisis is a time of relative instability
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STRESS LEVELS Low Moderate High Functional Comfort Excitement Boredom Discomfort Dysfunctional
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Transactional Model of Stress The impact of the stressor is wholly dependent on our perception and appraisal of the stressor. Primary appraisal – instinctively evaluate the stressor and assess its significance Secondary appraisal – assess how controllable the stressor is and which resources are available “What can I do?” “Can I actually do this?” Dr. Karen Glanz
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Secondary Appraisal External locus of control Internal locus of control
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Coping Efforts Problem management strategies: Aimed directly at attacking the stressor Emotional regulation strategies: Help individuals change their perceptions, interpretation, and the meaning of the stressor
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Four Types of Family Crises Dismembermen t – separation or isolation of an individual from the rest of the family Demoralization – crises that bring disgrace to a family system Accession – when turbulence occurs due to the addition of a family member Demoralization plus Dismemberment or Accession- family is demoralized because of embarrassing stressors such as imprisonment or suicide of a family member
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The ABC’s of Family Crisis The A Factor – the stressor (e.g., normative development such as the birth of a child, marriage
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Family Change Ch 15 09 for BB - Family Change: Stress,...

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