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Unformatted text preview: Conduct disorders Conduct disorders
• Conduct disorder (CD) and oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) • Delinquency, defiance, aggression against peers, theft, losing temper, etc • Behaviors are common (to some degree) in childhood and adolescence Dimensions of behavior: Dimensions of behavior: • • •
Severity/intensity Frequency Breadth **Children with CD are beyond the normal range in terms of these dimensions • Costs to society can be large Etiological/risk factors: Biological Etiological/risk factors: Biological factors
• More questions than answers • Role of genetics strong, but what is being • • • •
inherited? Role of testosterone Low physiological arousal Lower levels of serotonin Brain injury or trauma Psychological/personality factors: Psychological/personality factors:
• Aggressive children have different ways of processing information • More likely to perceive hostility • Less efficient at thinking of nonviolent ways to solve problems • More accepting of aggression Parental/socialization factors: Parental/socialization factors:
• Process by which child learns “scripts” for • • • •
specific social behaviors, as well as rules that guide interactions Some aggressive acts can be learned Parents’ lack of attention Inconsistent parental discipline Peers can model aggressive behavior Parental/socialization factors: Parental/socialization factors:
• Role of poverty/depravation • Role of exposure to violence in the media, on TV and in the movies
– Conveys norms that justify behavior – Teaches aggressive scripts – Desensitizes viewers to violence Environmental/situational factors: Environmental/situational factors:
• Aversive situations can cause violence and aggression • Alcohol and drug abuse in family • Presence of guns and weapons • Crowds Stability of CD: Stability of CD:
• Discipline problems and poor self
regulation in early childhood are highly predictive of continued problems, especially when associated with inconsistent parenting and high stress • Breadth of problems is also predictive • Age of onset (before age 10 is predictive) • Parent characteristics Subgroups Subgroups
• Life course persistent • Adolescent limited ...
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This note was uploaded on 02/17/2011 for the course PYSC 510 taught by Professor Flory during the Fall '09 term at South Carolina.
- Fall '09