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CD slides - Conduct disorders Conduct disorders • Conduct...

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Unformatted text preview: Conduct disorders Conduct disorders • Conduct disorder (CD) and oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) • Delinquency, defiance, aggression against peers, theft, losing temper, etc • Behaviors are common (to some degree) in childhood and adolescence Dimensions of behavior: Dimensions of behavior: • • • Severity/intensity Frequency Breadth **Children with CD are beyond the normal range in terms of these dimensions • Costs to society can be large Etiological/risk factors: Biological Etiological/risk factors: Biological factors • More questions than answers • Role of genetics strong, but what is being • • • • inherited? Role of testosterone Low physiological arousal Lower levels of serotonin Brain injury or trauma Psychological/personality factors: Psychological/personality factors: • Aggressive children have different ways of processing information • More likely to perceive hostility • Less efficient at thinking of non­violent ways to solve problems • More accepting of aggression Parental/socialization factors: Parental/socialization factors: • Process by which child learns “scripts” for • • • • specific social behaviors, as well as rules that guide interactions Some aggressive acts can be learned Parents’ lack of attention Inconsistent parental discipline Peers can model aggressive behavior Parental/socialization factors: Parental/socialization factors: • Role of poverty/depravation • Role of exposure to violence in the media, on TV and in the movies – Conveys norms that justify behavior – Teaches aggressive scripts – Desensitizes viewers to violence Environmental/situational factors: Environmental/situational factors: • Aversive situations can cause violence and aggression • Alcohol and drug abuse in family • Presence of guns and weapons • Crowds Stability of CD: Stability of CD: • Discipline problems and poor self­ regulation in early childhood are highly predictive of continued problems, especially when associated with inconsistent parenting and high stress • Breadth of problems is also predictive • Age of onset (before age 10 is predictive) • Parent characteristics Subgroups Subgroups • Life course persistent • Adolescent limited ...
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