Lecture 3 - NonExpMeth

Lecture 3 - NonExpMeth - NonExperimentalMethods...

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    Non Experimental Methods
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    Research Strategies I. Description A.  Case Study B.  Naturalistic Observation C.  Participant Observer and  Archival D.  Survey   I. Correlation
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    Non Experimental Methods Do not involve as much manipulation,  assignment, or control as a true  experiment. Hypothesis testing is more flexible Data gathered can be used to formulate  theories or hypotheses that can be  more rigorously tested.
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    A. Case Study - One or a few individuals is studied in  depth in the hope of revealing universal  principles. Examples:  study of serious brain injury  (H.M.), Freud’s theory of personality,  Piaget and child development Limitations:  Any given individual can be  abnormal, therefore it becomes easy to  make false conclusions.
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    B. Naturalistic Observation - Observing and recording behavior in naturally  occurring situations without trying to  manipulate and control the situation. - Can involve living organisms or physical  traces (feces or graffiti) Examples:  Jane Goodall and chimps, child  interactions at playgrounds, conversations in  coffee houses Limitations:  does not explain behavior
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    Sampling Methods Case Study and Naturalistic Observation Frequency Method – how many times  does a predefined behavior occur within  a set time period Duration Method– how long does that  behavior last
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This note was uploaded on 02/17/2011 for the course PYSC 226 taught by Professor Levens during the Fall '09 term at South Carolina.

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Lecture 3 - NonExpMeth - NonExperimentalMethods...

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