Family Change Ch 15 complete

Family Change Ch 15 complete - Family Change: Stress,...

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Family Change: Stress, Crisis, and Transition Ch 15
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Family Development Stress Stressor Anything that elicits a physiological and/or psychological response – a stress response Good stress – eustress Negative stress - distress
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Family Life Cycle Developmental Tasks Changes in Structure Family structure is dynamic Changes in Family Roles Changes in Family Rules
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General Adaptation Syndrome Stage 1: Alarm Reaction The brain perceives the stressor and signals the body to deal with it through neurological and physiological means The body reacts to the threat Fight or flight tendency
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Stage 2 : Stage of Resistance The body continues to battle the stressor and remains in a state of arousal Increased level of stress steroids alarms the body’s organs Energy eventually becomes depleted
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Stage 3: Exhaustion Chronic unrelenting stress or mismanaged stress can cause permanent damage The body over time simply breaks down People under stress may experience a variety of symptoms – headaches, nausea, depression, crying, fatigue, anger, racing heart, inability to eat or sleep, and more
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Transactional Model of Stress The impact of the stressor is wholly dependent on our perception and appraisal of the stressor Primary appraisal – instinctively evaluate the stressor and assess its significance Secondary appraisal – assess how controllable the stressor is and which resources are available “What can I do?” “Can I actually do this?” Dr. Karen Glanz
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Secondary Appraisal External locus of control Internal locus of control
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Coping Efforts Strategies used to bring order to, normalize, or regulate the stressor Problem management strategies Aimed directly at attacking the stressor Emotional regulation strategies Help individuals change their perceptions, interpretation, and the meaning of the stressor Meaning based strategies Techniques that produced positive emotion
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Four Types of Family Crises Dismembermen t – separation or isolation of an individual from the rest of the family Demoralization – crises that bring disgrace to a family system Accession – when turbulence occurs due to the addition of a family member Demoralization plus Dismemberment or Accession- family is demoralized because of embarrassing stressors such as imprisonment or suicide of a family member
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ABC-X Family Crisis Model – Reuben Hill Family crisis The A Factor – the stressor (e.g., normative
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This note was uploaded on 02/17/2011 for the course WOST 301 taught by Professor Bessellieu during the Fall '08 term at South Carolina.

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Family Change Ch 15 complete - Family Change: Stress,...

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