Personality Disorders 09

Personality Disorders 09 - PERSONALITYDISORDERS Chapter16

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PERSONALITY DISORDERS Chapter 16
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PERSONALITY DISORDERS Personality traits vs clinical states Definition:  enduring maladaptive pattern for  relating to the environment and self, exhibited in  a range of contexts that cause significant  functional impairment or subjective distress To distinguish PDs from other psychological  disorders, remember the 3 P’s
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TRAIT VS DISORDER:  DIAGNOSING PD According to DSM-IV-TR : Enduring pattern of inner experience and  behavior that deviates from person’s culture in  two or more of following areas: cognition,  affect, interpersonal functioning, or impulse  control Relatively inflexible and pervasive across  personal and social situations Significant distress or impairment in social,  occupational or other areas of functioning Pattern is stable and long-term and can be  traced to early childhood or adolescence Not accounted for by another medical condition 
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DIAGNOSING PD Under Axis II in DSM-IV-TR (not Axis I) Chronic, developmental, and relatively  inflexible Can coexist with other disorders in Axis I Difficulties in diagnosis: Everyone exhibits some of the traits Symptoms overlap other disorders Lack of adherence to diagnostic criteria Culture, ethnicity and gender affect diagnosis
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commonly called  sociopaths  or  psychopaths A personality disorder  characterized by a lack of regard  for society's moral or legal  standards.
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Adult Antisocial Behavior Criminal Behavior Illegal or immoral behavior such as stealing, lying, or cheating. A legal term, not a psychological
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This note was uploaded on 02/17/2011 for the course PYSC 410 taught by Professor Bessellieu during the Fall '09 term at South Carolina.

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Personality Disorders 09 - PERSONALITYDISORDERS Chapter16

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