Unformatted text preview: Classical Conditioning & Classical Conditioning & Psychological Disorder I. Anxiety Disorders I. Anxiety Disorders Distressing, persistent anxiety or maladaptive Distressing, behaviors that reduce anxiety. behaviors A. Generalized anxiety disorder – continually tense and uneasy for no apparent reason tense B. Panic disorder – sudden intense dread (Tony Soprano) Soprano) I. Anxiety cont. I. Anxiety cont.
C. Phobias – irrational avoidance of a specific C. object or situation (snakes, heights, crowds) object D. Obsessive-compulsive disorder – unwanted repetitive thoughts (obsessions) and/or actions (compulsions) (compulsions) - compulsions reduce anxiety caused by compulsions obsessions obsessions How do anxiety disorders develop? How do anxiety disorders develop?
1. Learning perspective a. Fear conditioning b. Stimulus generalization c. Reinforcement d. Observational learning Anxiety cont. Anxiety cont.
1. Biological Perspective a. Evolution – we are scared of what our a. ancestors were scared of ancestors b. Genes c. Physiology – unusually high frontal lobe c. activity activity II. Psychological Therapies II. Psychological Therapies
A. Behavior Therapies – apply learning A. principles to eliminate unwanted behaviors - Does not deal with the underlying problem 1. Classical Conditioning – anxiety disorders Psychological Psychological
a. b. Systematic desensitization – an exposure Systematic therapy that associates a relaxed state with gradually increasing anxiety-triggering stimuli stimuli Flooding – intense exposure to anxietytriggering stimuli – i.e. “Fear Factor” triggering Psychological Psychological
c. Aversive conditioning - replacing a positive c. response with a negative response - Antabuse and alcohol Antabuse 2. Operant Conditioning 2. a. Token economy – giving of rewards for desired behaviors desired III. Classical Conditioning & III. Classical Conditioning & Drug Abuse
A. Craving & Relapse - conditioned place preference - heroin overdose ...
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- Spring '10
- Classical Conditioning, Social anxiety disorder