The Persian wars refer to the different conflicts between Persia and Greece. The battles took place in the 5th century and involved two significant attacks that were conducted Persia between 499 BCE and 4549 BCE. A majority of the wars that took place in history were recorded during this period. The fights took place in different regions, such as Salamis, Thermopylae, Plataea, and Marathon. The wars in the four areas later became very legendary due to the intensity and severity at the time. The wars were caused by a series of conflicts that happened between the Greek city-states and the Achaemenid Empires (Yates, 2013). The collisions between the two empires were commenced when Cyrus the Great inhabited the region of Ionia. Following their struggle in establishing their rule over the independent cities of Ionia, the Persians decided to appointed different tyrants to rule over them. The appointment of the tyrants was considered to be the main source of the issues experienced between the Greeks and the Persians. Therefore, forthis study, we will examine some of the reasons behind the wars. We will also identify and evaluate the significant battles that took place during the Persian wars. The study will also examine the treaties signed between the warring sides. Finally, we will assess the aftermath of the war.The Persian Wars: the Causes, Battles, Treaties and the Results The first Persian war was caused by the revolt from the Greek Ionians who felt they were being mistreated by the Empire. The Greeks thought that they were being forced to carry different economic burdens that were imposed by the Persians. The revolt was escalated and resulted in increased tensions within the region. Later, Athens came to assist the Ionians. In the rebellion, different cities in Persia, such as Sardia, were burnt. Following the burning of cities in Persia, thewars escalated, resulting in more tension throughout the region. In the earlier days before the wars, the Greeks had moved in large numbers towards the Asia Minor and started establishing different settlements. The migration of the Greeks was caused by the collapse of the Mycenaean civilization, which resulted in numerous challenges for the Greeks, forcing them to move. The settlers who had moved into different regions in Persia were believed to have come from different groups. The Ionians went ahead to establish different cities such as Ephesus, Teos, among others. A majority of the Ionian cities were independent and hardly relied on one other (Yates, 2013).