coastal part 3

coastal part 3 - Coastal Wetlands High biological...

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Coastal Wetlands High biological productivity High organic matter and sediment Threatened by human development Saturated with water Coastal wetlands are salt marshes and mangrove swamps 1
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Coastal Wetlands Mangroves: ~Equator to 30° Marshes: ~Beyond 30°N or 30°S Wetland loss animation 2
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Mangroves Inundated by tides Cannot tolerate hard freeze *Dissipate storm energy High productivity FYI: teaspoon of mud from N. Queensland mangrove forest > 10 million bacteria Nursery for juvenile fishes Black mangrove with propogules Red mangrove 3
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Salt Marshes Efficient sediment trapping Dissipate storm energy Threatened by sea level rise Vegetation: Spartina alterniflora Juncus (top) http://www.ew.govt.nz/policyandplans/rpmsintro/rpms2002/images/ Spartina.jpg (bottom) 4
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Coral and Coral Reefs Coral: marine organism, small cylindrical body, “polyp” Coral secretes CaCo3 forming hard exoskeleton Live in symbiotic relationship with algae (zooxanthellae)
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This note was uploaded on 02/17/2011 for the course GEOL 201 taught by Professor Baruah during the Spring '10 term at South Carolina.

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coastal part 3 - Coastal Wetlands High biological...

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