NtSmithTalons3

NtSmithTalons3 - NtSmithTalons3 Notes from Peter H. Smith,...

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NtSmithTalons3 Notes from Peter H. Smith, TALONS OF THE EAGLE: LATIN AMERICAN, THE UNITED STATES, AND THE WORLD, 3 nd ed. (Oxford UP, 2008). [Last updated, 10-27-10] [These notes began as notes of the first ed, then got more detailed with the second ed: TALONS OF THE EAGLE: DYNAMICS OF U.S.-LATIN AMERICAN RELATIONS, 2 nd ed. (Oxford UP, 2000). Updated, 10-20-06. [Bracketed passages are notes or observations from KPE, not Peter Smith.] [Most of chs 1-3 remain unchanged, so most of my notes here are also unchanged, except for page nos.] PREFACE, vii This is an interpretive history , in which he identifies a coherent logic in the conduct of US-LA relations. Smith also assumes that to understand that logic one must understand LA feelings, attitudes, and actions, not just those of the US . The book is informed by an interdisciplinary approach , relying on work of scholars from various disciplines. [Relate to Schoultz’s perspective.] This third ed , written after 9-11, contains a new system, the War on Terror , with 3 completely new chapters addressing it. In his acknowledgments, he gives nice words of thanks to Scotty Palmer and me for comments on earlier eds. INTRODUCTION: GLOBAL POLITICS AND U.S.-LATIN AMERICAN RELATIONS. 1 Concepts & approaches Systems: 1. Imperial Era, Balance of power, 1790s-1930s 2. Cold War, bilateral rivalry, security the topmost interest, late 1940s-1980s 3. Era of Uncertainty, Post Cold War, 1980s-2001 4. War on Terror, 2001-- Stress role of WORLD context, Regimes & power Def Regimes (from Krasner), 3-4: A 'system' “entails tacit codes of behavior, and that these rules can be thought of as comprising a 'regime.' . ..A regime consists of 'implicit or explicit principles, norms, rules, and decision-making procedures around which actors' expectations converge in a given area of international relations. "'Principles are beliefs of fact, causation, and rectitude. "'Norms are standards of behavior defined in terms of rights and obligations. "'Rules are specific prescriptions or proscriptions for action. "'Decision-making procedures are prevailing practices for making and implementing collective choice.'" [Stress that actors’ expectations converge, making behavior within the system predictable .] Smith adapts Krasner's notion of regime , which applies to specific and limited issue areas, such as trade, environment, and petroleum [or drugs & immigration] to apply its characteristics to the Smith, Talons 3 nd ed, notes, p. 1 [Last updated 10-27-10]
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global system as a whole. So the logical content of norms and principles for intl systems depends upon factors such as the number of major powers, the nature of resources available to them, and the scope of competition. 3 US Fundamental interests in LA: 1) strategic, geopolitical; 2) econ; and 3) US domestic political interests [Smith doesn’t mention 3 here, so I take it from Lars Schoultz, though this is picked up by Smith implicitly throughout and explicitly on 403]. 4
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This note was uploaded on 02/15/2011 for the course POLSC 271 taught by Professor Erickson during the Fall '10 term at CUNY Hunter.

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NtSmithTalons3 - NtSmithTalons3 Notes from Peter H. Smith,...

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